Enlightened Masonic Bildenberg

YouTube Rewind 2012

BrotherhoodUniversal
  • BrotherhoodUniversal
    to Hillary Clinton ] [ il Vostro sistema monetario truffa, usura, induzione al debito, suicidio, devitalizzazione, truffa, falso in bilancio, di Banca Mondiale SpA Fmi, Spa, ( di privati farisei del talmud i nostri padroni ) che tutto questo: è lobby massoniche, satanismo e nichilismo? ok, questo sistema truffa del debito pubblico, non si può più reggere in piedi da solo, senza soffocare i popoli ] Voi avrete il coraggio di soffocare i grandi capitali? (distruggere il 60% della massa monetaria mondiale? IO NON CREDO! ) QUINDI PRIMA DI ENTRARE NELLA GUERRA CIVILE, quella RIVOLUZIONE dei popoli CHE UCCIDEREBBE VOI I RICCHI: PER ALTO TRADIMENTO, SAREBBE PIù RAZIONALE ENTRARE NELLA GUERRA MONDIALE NUCLEARE ] soltanto che una guerra contro la CINA e Russia, non ha un esito scontato e potrebbe cancellare ogni forma di vita sul pianeta, l'unica soluzione razionale a questo punto, dato che voi avete deciso di essere le scimmie GENDER Darwin, contro ogni evidenza scientifica e quella di fare di tutta la LEGA ARABA sharia, una sola salciccia!

    Hillary Clinton ha incoraggiato un adoloscente omosessuale, dicendo: "la tua vita sarà un successo!" ma, anche le parole più belle, messe, sulla bocca dei nostri leader massoni che nascondono il signoraggio bancario, diventano frasi inquietanti. Infatti la laicità dello Stato, circa scelte di coscienza dei suoi cittadini deve diventare uno standard in tutto il mondo! MA COSA CENTRANO LE LOBBIES? LORO STANNO OMOSESSUALIZZANDO LA SOCIETà, ALLO STESSO MODO COME LA LEGA ARABA NAZISTA STA ISLAMIZZANDO SEMPRE DI PIù LA SUA SOCIETà! Quindi i popoli sono diventati le vittime di potenti lobby ideologiche SCIENTISTE e religiose, vittime del signoraggio bancario!  ALLORA, ANCHE LE PAROLE PIù BELLE NON HANNO PIù NESSUN SIGNIFICATO! Gli usurai di Rothschild, le scimmie di Darwin e le scimmie sharia di Maometto? hanno condannato il mondo al massacro!
    STOP Obama GENDER [ to this ] your Satanic our institutions banking seigniorage: god owl at bohemian grove, and: all their infiltration: cultural nature, esoteric agenda, Gmos crime, masonic system, Monetary Scam SpA, occult power, SpA, your criminal SYSTEM FAILURE, stop to all this
    STOP Obama GENDER [ to you criminal ] this is your Satanic world ideology: atheism, drugs, esoteric agenda, Freemasonry, Gmos, hatred of christianity, Homosexuality, loss of freedom of speech, masonic system loss of real democracy, Monetary Scam, occult power, pedophilia, pornography, SpA, banking SYSTEM FAILURE of all your financial crisis, Truffa Monetaria, usura, violence, war, ecc.. ecc.. really you are babylon tower: kingdom of satan
    eih Obama GENDER where is my kingdom of Palestine?
    eih Obama GENDER ] [ You can't say to me: "and I that we can do? is Rothschild Spa Bush, that, tells me everything I have to say, because they are bad boys! " tu non puoi dire: "ed io che ci posso fare? è Rothschild Spa Bush che mi dice tutto quello che io devo dire, perché loro sono dei ragazzi cattivi!"
    my JHWH holy ] libera tutti i musulmani oppressi e minacciati dalla Arabia Saudita wahhabita, in tutto il mondo! my JHWH holy ] libera tutti i popoli schiavi della usura bancaria Spa mondiale dei Rothschild farisei usurai! Mio Dio VIVENTE libera tutti i popoli oppressi da ogni oppressione! my JHWH holy ] LIBERA I PRIGIONIERI! io pretendo che la sharia nazismo sutto egida ONU, deve essere abolita in tutta la LEGA ARABA ed io pretendo che Salafi brothers Muslims Saudi Arabia will become illegal in all Muslims Country
    Lorenzojhwh Unius REI to 187AudioHostem ] amico, [ io non ho niente da dire! PERCHé TU SAI GIà TUTTO, circa, QUELLO CHE IO FARò, E CHE, circa, tutto quello che, IO HO DECISO DI FARE! QUANDO LA VALANGA SCENDERà NULLA POTRà RIMANERE IN PIEDI, E I FONDAMENTI DELLE COLONNE DEL MONDO TREMERANNO, come al tempo di Noé, tutte le cateratte degli abissi tracimeranno, E STARE SOTTO NON SARà MEGLIO CHE STARE SOPRA! il più grande massacro della storia del genere umano! TANTO HA MERITATO LA CATTIVERIA E L'EGOISMO DEGLI UOMINI!
    eih Obama GENDER ] [ qui, in youtube, tutti sanno che, io ho previsto una sanatoria amnistia, o situzioni punitive in alcun modo, anche se, voi siete i più pericolosi criminali assassini seriali della storia del genere umano, che, proprio è quello che voi siete: "i satanisti massoni" QUESTO LO SANNO TUTTI! ma, IO SONO ABBASTANZA INTELLIGENTE PER SPERARE A SOLUZIONI EFFICACI E FATTIVE, NON PUNITIVE, E NON SANGUINOSE! In termini politici io non sono un rivoluzionario, che mette in discussione le Istituzioni, ma, voi fatevi da parte e lasciatemi lavorare, perché, voi potete soltanto distruggere il genere umano: infatti voi siete una geopolitica, che, può soltanto trovaRE false MOTIVAZIONI per ogni tipo di guerra! FORSE GUERRE GIUSTE, PER MOTIVI GIUSTI (e non per motivi economici) ANDREBBERO FATTE, MA, TUTTI SPERIAMO DI NO!
    Grecia: 61,3% no al referendum, sì 38,7. Tsipras, ora accordo, trattare su debito ]] l'unica cosa che dovrebbe iniziare a funzionare è il plotone di esecuzione! [ hanno stampato denaro per oltre 100 volte il prodotto interno lordo del pianeta, quindi, o distruggono i grandi capitali che pretendono un interesse (debito pubblico), o distruggono i popoli nella guerra mondiale! [ la colpa non è della GRECIA, perché, il denaro dei Rothschild SpA costa il 270% del suo valore (fonte scienziato Giacinto Auriti) ] e questa è la verità: hanno fatto un pianeta di Stati tutti indebitati, di poveri sempre più poveri e di ricchi sempre più ricchi (quindi è venuto meno il principio: 1. della integrità territoriale, 2. della sovranità monetaria e, 3. della uguaglianza di tutti i cittidani di fronte alla legge), [ in conlusione: questo è alto tradimento massonico Bildenberg ] l'unica cosa che dovrebbe iniziare a funzionare è il plotone di esecuzione!
    4 luglio, Obama: la liberta' non viene senza prezzo, 'Ma pagata da tutti le donne e gli uomini militari' ] Obama è un assassino, uno spudorato satanista, un traditore, un attore di Hollywood, perché senza sovranità monetaria non può mai esistere nessuna sovranità politica! ] [ il suo epilogo sarà la tragedia di una ormai inevitabile guerra mondiale nucleare, con almeno 5 miliadi di morti, proprio per colpa del suo sistema massonico usurocratico mondiale SpA truffa monetaria Banca Mondiale!
    "Srebrenica fu sacrificata alla Realpolitik" ] non esiste una Realpolitik al di fuori della geopolitica congiunta tra: 1. satanisti massoni USA BILDENBERG NATO, e, 2. i nuovi diritti ONU sharia nazisti della LEGA ARABA: "allah akbar morte a tutti gli infedeli!" Genocidio della TEOLOGIA DELLA SOSTITUZIONE [ Infatti, non sa nessuno che dopo la guerra del Cosovo, su copertura, silenzio, occultamento della NATO CIA network Satellite TV, e dei loro internazionale islamica, galassia jihadista, hanno fatto il genocidio di tutti i serbi nel Cosovo, infatti, hanno distrutto 3000 tra, Chiese, Monasteri e Cimiteri.. furono trucidati soldati della NATO, civili serbi, tutto dopo la guerra, ma, questa è la verità: "NESSUNO NE SA NIENTE!" I tribunali internazionali sono una truffa ideologica, soltanto uno strumento repressivo a servizio degli USA e dei loro interessi geopolitici
    Benjamin Netanyahu ] è finta la democrazia tra gli ebrei, Rothschild ucciderà Israele ancora una volta [ è il denaro il vero valore di un Ebreo, quindi, Spa Rothschild hanno il controllo della comunità ebraica mondiale! ] in questo modo, lui preparò Hitler, allo stesso modo ha preparato la LEGA ARABA.. il responsabile di ogni Shoah è sempre rothschild 666 Baal Peor talmud, e se gli ebrei non verranno da me: Israele andrà perduto, ancora una volta! E poi, come al solito la colpa è sempre dei cristiani europei e del Vaticano, quando noi sappiamo che è l'anticristo, SPA Banche Centrali monopolio universale NWO della Massoneria a governare il mondo! Loro gli Illuminati Padroni del mondo, hanno sempre reso impossibile, la espansione territoriale di Israele, pur avendone il diritto con le guerre che ha vinto, poteva prendersi mezzo Medio Oriente! Ad Israele sono stato fatte combattere delle guerre in cui ha rischiato la estinzione, in cambio di niente! è CHIARO: "PER I FARISEI ANGLO-AMERICANI ISRAELE è UN GIOCATTOLO CHE QUANDO NON SERVE PIù DEVE ESSERE DISTRUTTO.
    Benjamin Netanyahu ] OGGETTIVAMENTE? BARAK OBAMA è UN BRAVO RAGAZZO: in se stesso, E sarebbe un sogno d'amore se rappresentasse il popolo americano, invece di rappresentare i tuoi SpA Fmi, Bush 322 Rothschild che hanno pianificato di ucciderti: e di fare disintegrare Israele! Quindi questo è il problema, come restituire a BARAK OBAMA una vera sovranità, perché possa diventare finalmente, quello che lui non è mai stato, cioè, diventare per la prima volta, il vero Presidente del popolo americano?




    @ IMF NWO FED, ECB, SpA, corporations, 322, OGM, aliens, A.I., DATAGATE, "big brother", Bush, 666. CIA, Pharisees Anglo-American, Enlightened, unfortunates cursed murderers, the Masonic system Bildenberg, of all the false democracies,of : seigniorage banking stolen from the people --- [demo (ni) cracy (crazy)] - at this point, as we can say that: God: YHWH HOLY, he was cruel, when he asked to do the genocide of: those populations of cannibals Satanists, perverts sex, sado-maso, sodomites, while, then, your satan is good, because 666 allows all these things? you are international criminals, no, shame, and, without, repentance ... but, I will punish you even more fiercely, how I've already done!
  • BrotherhoodUniversal 11 minutes ago
    @FMI NWO FED, BCE, S.p.A., corporations, 322, OGM, aliens, A.I., DATAGATE, "grande fratello", Bush, 666 CIA, farisei anglo-americani, disgraziati maledetti assassini, del sistema massonico bildenberg, di tutte le false democrazie: del signoraggio bancario rubato al popolo --- [demo(ni)crazia(crazy)] -- a questo punto, come, noi possiamo dire, che: Dio: JHWH: LUI il SANTO, lui era crudele, quando, lui ha chiesto, di fare il genocidio: di: quelle popolazioni, di cannibali satanisti, pervertti sessuali, sodomiti, mentre, poi, il vostro satana è buono, perché, 666 permette tutte queste cose? voi siete dei criminali intenazionali, senza, pudore, e, senza, pentimento ... ma, io vi punirò ancora più ferocemente, di come io ho già fatto!
  • BrotherhoodUniversal 19 minutes ago
    @Obama, 187AUDIOHOSTEM 666, IFuckingKillYouRapeU, Pharisees Anglo-American 322, Bush Kerry - come out, bastards renegade traitors, [LIAR, THIEF, MURDERER,] you come and defend your satan,
  • BrotherhoodUniversal 21 minutes ago
    322 NWO, new Balylon Tower 666 [ierodule the sacred] all women, without distinction, had to do: prostitutes in the temples of their gods, demons, otherwise, they could not marry, with all these practices: abominable and satanic, such as, virtue, monotheism itself, could be protected? here, because the American society SpA USA, FMI, 666, FED, has been totally sunk: in the debauchery![le ierodule sacre] tutte le donne, senza distinzione, dovevano fare: le prostitute, nei templi dei loro dei demoni, altrimenti, non avrebbero potuto sposarsi, con tutte queste pratiche: sataniche ed abominevoli, come, la virtù, il monoteismo stesso, poteva essere protetto? ecco, perché, la società americana: è stata totalmente sprofondata: nella depravazione!
  • BrotherhoodUniversal 26 minutes ago
    from the sciences of history and archeology, we know what, the demons have asked, to the Maya (is a Mesoamerican civilization), as well as, the people of the Canaanites (who so cruelly, have afflicted, the Jews), that is, same things. after centuries and continents, incommunicable, the demons have done, always, the same demands, ie, young adolescents, the chosen ones, were carved, and the blood that flowed from their wounds, he was imbued with the flour, to be eaten. That's why, all Satanists are cannibals .. the first child, suffocated, and was buried, as a good luck, below the threshold of the house, etc. ..
  • BrotherhoodUniversal 29 minutes ago
    dalle scienze della storia, e della archeologia, noi sappiamo quello, che, i demoni hanno chiesto ai Maya (is a Mesoamerican civilization), come anche, alle popolazioni dei cananei (che, tanto crudelmente, hanno aflitto gli ebrei), cioè, le stesse cose. a distanza di secoli, e di continenti, incomunicabili, i demoni hanno fatto, sempre, le tesse richieste, ovvero, dei giovani adolescenti prescelti venivano intagliati, e il sangue, che, sgorgava dalle loro ferite, era intriso, con la farina per essere mangiato. ecco perché, tutti i satanisti sono cannibali.. il primo figlio, veniva soffocato, e, veniva sepolto, come un porta fortuna, sotto la soglia di casa, ecc..
  • BrotherhoodUniversal 36 minutes ago
    alcuni, per la loro ignoranza, circa, la storia, e la archeologia, loro pensano che, Dio è cattivo, perché, ha ordinato agli ebrei, di fare il genocidio, di tutte le popolazioni, quando, gli ebrei uscivano dalla schiavitù egiziana.. ma, questa è la verità, quelle popolazioni: erano cannibali dei loro stessi figli,e satanisti, le pratiche di immorlità, erano estreme! ecco perché, in realtà: sono i satanisti, che, hanno preso possesso delle istituzioni americane.. perché, i satanisti sono incompatibili, con la civiltà umana! gli umani non possono reggere il confronto, con il mondo soprannaturale dei satanisti,
time line for jewish history in israel part 2(160b.c-1882 a.d)with sources
 The second kingdom period(166bc-70a.d)
160b.c-142b.c:Yonatan the kohen.
Yehuda's brother continue to lead the rebellion against the selecud empire,and the Syrians were quick to realize that the yoanatan is more stable then the pro-helenist party,and agreed to stop chasing him for up until 153 b.c
153b.c,Yonatan alied Judea with Egypt potalamai, and Alexander balas,that was acontestor fro the selecud crown.balas offeref Yonatan the kohen gadol position in exchange for its support and Yonatan expet that even after he recive a much greater offer from dimitrius.soon after,balas deafet dimitrius in battle,and Yonatan was the governer of judesa for the selecuds.
Yonatan joined balas in his war against dimiterius II the secons,and counqure yaffo and Ashdod against big greek armies,balas also gave him eqron.
But both balas and potalamia were killed in the war against dimiterius II ,even so,the new king of Syria quickly made peace with Yonatan and granted him his ruler rights,and even gave him parts of the shomron to rule,which were populated with many jews,and was also free of tax to the empier,this is consider to be the beginning of the independent of Judea.
Later Yonatan switch sides and alied himself with the Syrian general tripon,and made treaties with rome and also Sparta.
But tripon betried Yonatan and kidnapped him in acre,until eventually he killed him.
142.c:shimon the leader of Judea: the brother of Yonatan.
Shimon repeled tripon from Judea and aline with dimiterius II,that acknowlegdds again as Judea as an indepented nation.
In 141b.c shimon reppeled the last pro-helenists from Jerusalem,and renrewd his treaties with rome and Egypt.
Shimon assembled the people in Jerusalem and and was crownded and as the ruler and kohen gadol of Judea,and shimon also published judeas own coins.
On the same year tripon dare to murder the boy king,antiocus the 6,and tried to rule the empire.but dimiterius I son,antioucus the 7,rised to power against tripon. At first he conditioned his support in shimon with help against tripon,but very soon tripon fled to dor,and antioucus felt that shimon is not needed any more and demend shimon to return all the territories outside Judea to Syria.
After shimon defeated antioucus army near gezer,antiocuse conspire to assasine shomon,and he was murdered in Jericho by his father in law.

134b.c:yochanan: son of shimon, faced an invasion by antioucus the 7,and decided to stay in Jerusalem.
After 2 years of siege on Jerusalem,both sides decided to make peace,and yochanan aggred to pay taxes of territories outside Judea,and agreed to help the selecude in their wars.later his army would participate in the wars against the pertains wsith great success.though laterin 129 antioucus died in pertia,and yochanan was free to do as he wish.
Yohanan horknus expended east and south and counqure the edomim, and force them to convert to judesam, instead of expelling them.
He also conquer the shomron and destroyed samaria,and beit shaan.the helenist greek cities were completely alone against him.
In 112-113,antiocus the 9 occupaied the coustal area from the jews,but later the romans forced him evacuet that area in favor of the jews.
Yohanan had treaties with other nations in asia minor and greec as well.
Yochanan ruled until 104 b.c.his son ,yehuda aristobulos that ruled for one year, in which he conquer the galil and convert all of its inhabitans to Judaism.
http://books.google.com/books?id=20Dbc1ywdYkC&pg=PA73&dq=shlomzion+the+quine&hl=ja&ei=1honTNrDINGgkQWkovmOAQ&sa=X&oi=book_result&ct=result&resnum=1&ved=0CCgQ6AEwAA#v=snippet&q=force%20to%20convert&f=false

Despite that,yehuda was suppost to be the kohen while his mother was appointed to be the nasi.but yehuda, killed his mother and brothers,and crowned himself as king,just like the Greeks.

103b.c-76 b.c:Alexander yanai.
He was yehuda aristobuloss little brother, that was after yehudas death married his wife,shlomzion.
Like other hashmonaim rulers,ashklon,wasn't harmed by the jews because of its ties with Egypt,but yanai didn't renewd the treaties with rome, instead he had triteis with the pertains and puntus.
First, yanai attaked acre that was very hostile to jews(Yonatan was killed there by tripon)but acre recived help from potalamai latirus, that rebelled against the potalami queen, Cleopatra III. Latirus fought againt yanai near the Jordan river and won, but Cleopatra sanded her army,which was led by two jewish generals, the sons of honiyo VI,and many of their soldiers were Egyptian-jews.
Yanai expended even more in trans Jordan ,and fought against the nabatians,and conquer the helenist cities there.he also destroyed gaza.
http://books.google.com/books?id=20Dbc1ywdYkC&pg=PA73&dq=shlomzion+the+quine&hl=ja&ei=1honTNrDINGgkQWkovmOAQ&sa=X&oi=book_result&ct=result&resnum=1&ved=0CCgQ6AEwAA#v=onepage&q=yanai&f=false

In 90 b.c,a civil war started in Judea.
Besides the wars that were expensive in money and casualties,yanai was king just like the greek kings,and on the same time a kohen gadol in the temple.
Yanai preferd the kohanim (tsadokim)over the proshim(wise scholers) even though the hashmonaim legitimacy came from their support as a consuling body like a parlament.
The war took 6 years and 50,000 people died.in the end, with his wife influence, yanai agreed to give the Sanhedrin(the parlament or court)its legitimate power.

76 b.c-67 b.c:Shlomzion the qeeen:
The kohen gadol position was headed by her son yochana horknus II,but she was the actual ruler. as a relative of shimon ben shatach ,one of the sages of the Sanhedrin,, she was very popular among the people, and she avoided wars, though according to plavius, her army was bigger then any other country in the region. despite that, she avoided conflicts with the Armenian empire by paying a tribute to its king, tygranes.

The dispute after shlomzion death:
Already before the mother dies,her sons, aristobulos and horknus started to fight over the crown.
After a short fight aristobulos won and ruled for 4 years.
Later horknus joined with antipatris,an former edomi that converted to Israel,and was very rich,togheter with the nabatim,attack aristobolus and seige him in the temple,later they fled after roman treats.
At that time pompous conqured Syrian and asia minor,and the two rival princes ask his support, and he chose horknus,and sieg Jerusalem for 3 months,killing 12,000 jews,and in the end entered the temple,though he didn't plunder it.
Judea was puted under horknuss rule, though the real power was now in antipatris hands hat served the romans.this was the end of the independent hashmonait kingdom in 63 b.c.
http://books.google.com/books?id=20Dbc1ywdYkC&pg=PA73&dq=shlomzion+the+quine&hl=ja&ei=1honTNrDINGgkQWkovmOAQ&sa=X&oi=book_result&ct=result&resnum=1&ved=0CCgQ6AEwAA#v=onepage&q&f=false

55b.c-57 .c:Alexander son of aristobulos II,rebelled against horknus and conure Jerusalem, antipatris called gabunius the governer of Syria and after some years of war,aristobulos and his son were killed.in 54b.c the new governer of Syria, keresus,plunder the temple treasures.
Though at first Julius ceaser supported aristobulos, after he died and
In 48b.c antipatis helped Julius ceaser in Egypt, and he was appointed the governer of all of Israel.
http://books.google.com/books?id=Qc-0KWxP3kAC&pg=PA178&dq=Antipatris+and+julius+caesar&hl=ja&ei=3x0nTNL8MMyOkQXy9MSTAw&sa=X&oi=book_result&ct=result&resnum=2&ved=0CDYQ6AEwAQ#v=onepage&q=antipater&f=false

In 44 b.c antipatris was poisoned by horknus supporters, and in order to appeased his son,hordus, horknus had his granddaughter Miriam to hordus.
Up until 41 b.c there were a few rebellions against hordus, because of the war in rome after ceasers assassination but markus Antonius and casius(the rulers of the east) supported hordus and horknus.
40b.c-37 b.c: the last hashmonai revolt.
Antigonus II, another son of aristobulos II, invaded Judea with the help of the pertains, and repelled hordus and horknus.
He ruled galil as well and stamp coins.
Eventually, hordus was able to convice markus Antonius to suppost him.though antigonus defeated hordus in every battle,he could stand against the romans , and after along siege on Jerusalem and the temple, antigonus was captured.
http://books.google.com/books?id=Qc-0KWxP3kAC&pg=PA178&dq=Antipatris+and+julius+caesar&hl=ja&ei=3x0nTNL8MMyOkQXy9MSTAw&sa=X&oi=book_result&ct=result&resnum=2&ved=0CDYQ6AEwAQ#v=onepage&q=antigonus&f=false


The hordus dynesty:37b.c-4 b.c:
Hordus ruled under the permission of marcus Antonius and later augostus,on al of the land that was ruled before by the hashmonaim with addition to big territories in south Syria.
He was an absolute and tyran ruler, and he eventually eliminate every hashmonai remains in his familt, including his wife.
in 31b.c hordus was busy fighting against the nabatim, and wasn't available to help Antonius against augsstus, a fact that lucky for him, and augostus accepted his loyalty, and gave him parts of the land that Antonius gave to Cleopatra VII before.
Hordus maintain very good relation with the jews overseas, and helped to protect them from oppressions. he also build many fortress, including the city of ceseria and its big port, sabastei in the shomron, and he also build cities and structure in rods and asia minor, but his biggest project was the new bulding for the temple in Jerusalem, which was very big, strong , amazingly beautiful .
http://books.google.com/books?id=Qc-0KWxP3kAC&pg=PA178&dq=Antipatris+and+julius+caesar&hl=ja&ei=3x0nTNL8MMyOkQXy9MSTAw&sa=X&oi=book_result&ct=result&resnum=2&ved=0CDYQ6AEwAQ#v=onepage&q=temple&f=false

At that time,the Sanhedrin, or the court,become the main religoun ledership of the people and was gatered in the temple,while the kohen gadol position become completely irelavent,since the herodian kings appointed the people he wanted to appointed,regardless of the tradition.
The sanghedrin,was led by hillel, that was a decended of the house of david. His dynesty will led the people up until 429 a.d.
http://books.google.com/books?id=PrAdxFjB7k4C&pg=PA92&dq=hillel+sanhedrin+herod&hl=ja&ei=ziAnTLSXEIuUkAWqrsyTAQ&sa=X&oi=book_result&ct=result&resnum=3&ved=0CDIQ6AEwAg#v=onepage&q=hillel%20sanhedrin%20herod&f=false

After hordus death:
4b.c:39 a.d:
While hordus planted to split the control over the kingdom amon his three sons,a rebellion occurred in Judea and the romans, headed by varus, brutally quailed it.
First arcelius,whish was appointed to rule Judea, failed to appease a small demonstration against the heavy taxes in Jerusalem,and it ended up in 3000 deaths.while arcelius went to rome to get the emporers approvel, the governer of Syria,varus,allowed sabinus to enter Jerusalem to confisca treasures.the angry jews attacked sabinus while bhe wss plundering their temple,and when varus came to his defence,the intire country rebelled against the romans,and spontanias attack against the romans occurred.
http://books.google.com/books?id=pTY4kBRIVQYC&pg=PA596&dq=herods+sons&hl=ja&ei=tyEnTIH4LpSekQXIocyTAQ&sa=X&oi=book_result&ct=result&resnum=6&ved=0CEEQ6AEwBQ#v=snippet&q=herods%20sons&f=false

The romans burned down tsipori,amaus,but spared Jerusalem.
Arceleus: ruled Judea from 4b.c to 6 a.d was inchage of was removed after the jews compliant about him to the emporer. He was replaced by roman governers over Judea.
Philpus:ruled the northen areas like the Golan and the bashan until 34 a.d.
Was consider a very modest ruler.
Antipas:ruled from 4b.c to 39 a.d over the galil and parts of Transjordan.
He rebuilt tsipori,ad build the new city of tiberia near the sea of galil. Though he wasn't incharge of Judea,he intervein for the jews in juidea,especially when the roman governers oppressed them or offended their traditions.
In 39 a.d emporer caligola replaced him with agripas I,and he was exiled to Europe.
Agripas I:was hordus grandson, and was raised in rome, and was friend with emporers caligola and cludius since their childhood.
in 38 was appointed by caligola the emporer ro rule philipuss territory in the north,but very soon the tensions with antipas in the galil,made agripas the ruller of antipass terriotory as well.and he was appointed on the kohanim in the temple in Jerusalem.
in 41 he prevented from caligola to put an idol inside of the temple.
Soon after that caligola was murdered and cludius replaced him,with the help of agripas.
Caludious gabe Judea to agripas, and this way he ruled independently on the same territory as his grandfather.
Agripas was very popular on the people,and his devotion to his jewish origins and fate were adored .on the same time,his efforst to gain support from the helenist cities under his realm were scarce .
In 44 agripas died,and he intire land was returned to roman government.
Agripas II:
He was agripas son,and was appointed in 48 to rule parts of the galil, with authority over the temple of Jerusalem.. in 54 and 61 he was granted control on big areas in the north part of Israel.
Agripas triedto convince the jews not to rebelled against the romans,but fsiled,and eventually partyicipate in the quailing of the rebellion.
Agripas continued to rule parts of the north after the rebellion,but bis conection with his people,the jews, was totally sevred.

66-73 the great revolt against the romans and the destruction of Jerusalem.
The roman governes of Judea were allway greedy and brutal, but the last one florus, the worst.
after he did nothing when helenist massacered jews in cesaria, and later came to Jerusalem and started to plunder the temple,a big riot started in jeruasalem that started a revolt all over the country.
The rebelled reppeld the romans from Jerusalem,but the rebellion government was avery brutal one, and even murdered its own people he they show opposition.
On the same time the helenist in the mix cities massacered the jews,and jews attacked helenist cities.the ethnic riots oocured in alexnadria as well,as more then amilion jews lived there at that time.
In respons,galos,the Syrian governer,invaded jdea and destroyed yaffo,afek,lidianad narbata, killing thousands of jews and inslaveing bthem.after seiging the temple for 5 days,he returned to the retreated west and the jews attak him in the beit horon narrow pass and eliminate parts of the 12 legion and took its Aquila(eagle)takitus:
http://www.sacred-texts.com/cla/tac/h05010.htm
yosefus plavius:
http://www.gutenberg.org/etext/2850.
After the victory over galus,Judea consider itself free. The pople was assembeled and new government was elected,and its leaders were mainly the moderat part,and not the zealots.even though they were the ones that defeated galus.
New jewish coins were printed as well.
The government appointed generals to every part of the land.uosefus plavius(yosef ben matityau)was appointed on the galil and Golan.
Though he fortified 19 cities in the galil,he was had very bad elation with the local leaders and when the romans returned 5 months later the area wasn't ready yet for defence.
Even when aspisyanus the general that would later be the new emporer,landed in acre, he waited until the winter will pass before marching into the galil and destroying its cities,inslaving its jews and massacring them.
Tsipori didn't even fought,and after 47 days of siege on yodfat,the city fal, and tiberia urendered, and traichei fall, and 40,000 jews were sold as slaves.
Later gamla and gosh halev were fallen with great massacre of its civilians.
Until 69 a.d,the romans took control over all the land,circuling Jerusalem and closing on it.
Already at that time, the leader of the Sanhedrin, yochanan ben zakai,objected to the rebellion,and fled from Jerusalem,and were granted permission to renew the Sanhedrin in yavne.
Meanwhile the moderat government bwas overthrown by the zealot leader from the galil, yochanan of gush halev, and out side of the walls,a different zealot leader was, bar giora.but later the remaining moderats alow bar giora to enter the city,thinking that he will get rid of yochanan,I n the great battle,all the food storage waqs burned down,and only when the romans appear again in Jerusalem, the rivals eneded.

Titsu,the son of aspisyanus,arrive to Jerusalem from the north with 80,000 man.
After 5 months of brave fighting of the hungry jews titus destroyed all the walls and burned down,while houndreds of thousand of jews died in the swords and hunger.
http://books.google.com/books?id=pTY4kBRIVQYC&pg=PA596&dq=herods+sons&hl=ja&ei=tyEnTIH4LpSekQXIocyTAQ&sa=X&oi=book_result&ct=result&resnum=6&ved=0CEEQ6AEwBQ#v=snippet&q=herods%20sons&f=false

In 73 a.d,the last jewsih strong hold, metsada, fall.
With the end of the rebellion,Judea becom a roman province,and its capital was cesaria,all jews had to pay special tax,in addition to other taxes.
The Sanhedrin become the exclusive leader of the people,and with the temple gone, the worship and animal sacrifice was replaced with praying and reading the tora in the synagogue,and the study of the tora and charity .

The roman occupation(70-350)

From the 73 a.d to the 135.ad:
Up until now,the Sanhedrin leaders were:
Hillel(100 b.c-10b.c)was decended from king david. Was very liberal and was
Sensitive to protect the poor people from the rich,especially when it come to paying back loans.
Many of his words become an important part of the Israeli fate,like :love the other they way you love yourself, or don't do to others what you dont want to be done tpo you.and many many other word of wisdom.
http://hebrewbooks.org/pdfpager.aspx?req=9671&st=&pgnum=498

Shimon ben hillel
His son,Rabbi gamliel the elder(10 b.c-50 a.d)he is the rabi that created the most important prayer in the Israeli fate: the 18 blesses prayer.he also was very active in the women righgts in the halacha, especially when it came to divorce..
His son,Rabi shimon ben gamliel the elder(50-70).was executed by the romans.
After the revolt,the romans didn't want rabi shimon to led the Sanhedrin ,because he was related to the people that participate in the rebellion,and bfor a short time ,rabi yochanan ben zakai was the leader from Judea.
Rabi gamliel of yavne(son of rabi shimon ben gamliel)96-117was I hiding up until 96,when the roman emporer,nerva,was more liberal with the jews.
He travel all around the country,and also send messengers to jewish communities around the empier, to encourage them and to instuled in them the teaching of the tora.
In his time,t here was a decision to create a basic fundamental halacha(rules)and to close any open dispute about any kind of subject,based on the rule of the magorety among the top wise man of Israel, based on the hillel liberal style of judging,in contras to the shamai strict style.
In the end of his period occurred the jewsih rebellion in he middle east.jews in egpyt,libiya,Cyprus,and Judea rebbeld against the romans, and in the riots houndred of thousedns of helenist and jews were killed.in 117,the rebellion was quailed,and the rebels escaoped to lidiya.after the city fall,its civilians were executed.

Rabbi shimon ben gamliel II,was only a baby when his father died,andthis is why rabi akiva,served as the leader of the Sanhedrin at that period.
Rabi akiva(16-136)his one of the most famous rabies in the Israeli fate.living 120 years,he studied from all the important rabis,like rabi tarpon,and yehishua ben henaniya.rabi akiva is actually he center of the jewish oral tradition,and his philosophy was that though everything is already determineted by heaven,people do have a free choice to do right or wrong.
Rabi akiva was the main supporter on the second revot against the romans:the bar kokva revot:
The roman emporer hadrianus builded a rom,an city on the ruins Jerusalem,this was the main reason for the revolt.
According to dio casio,the jews assembled an army and weapons,and trained fro years,without the romans even knowing about,and build many many caves nad tunnels to escape.
The jewish rebellion was focused mainly in Judea and Transjordan, though scholers are debeted if bar kokva ever libareted Jerusalem.
Its started in 132,and in he roam counter atatckes the 22 roman legion was completely eliminated.
After that ,3 legion in the command of juliyus severus came from britan,in addition to 10 other legion and more hen 30 units.in two years,the roman conduct garila warfare against the jewish garrisons,instead of confronting them on direct battels,and cutting their supply ruts one by one, last fortress,beitar fell and bar kokva died.
According to dio casio,580,000 jewss were killed,and 985 viligeswere destroyed.
Houndreds of thousesns of jews were sold to salvery in hevron and gaza and were transported to many different parts of the empiere.
http://books.google.com/books?id=27nq65cZUIgC&pg=PA313&dq=bar+kokhba+revolt+hebron+gaza&hl=ja&ei=My8nTLmiKcyIkAWWn_1y&sa=X&oi=book_result&ct=result&resnum=1&ved=0CCsQ6AEwAA#v=onepage&q=bar%20kokhba%20revolt%20hebron%20gaza&f=false

http://books.google.com/books?id=mGIY62IssWQC&pg=PA253&dq=bar+kokhba+revolt+hebron+gaza+slaves&hl=ja&ei=mC8nTPTkG5WXkQWotuhq&sa=X&oi=book_result&ct=result&resnum=1&ved=0CCwQ6AEwAA#v=onepage&q=bar%20kokhba%20revolt%20hebron%20gaza%20slaves&f=false

After hat the emporer decided to totally eliminate the israei fate,first the province name was changed from Judea to Syria palestiana, and the observing of Shabbat and circumsion were baned and punished with death.many important rabi were excuted.

After the bar kokva:
130-160:the leader of the Sanhedrin,rabi shimon ben gamliel II,was very young during the rebellion,and according to the Talmud, supported the rebellion though he was too young to join the rebellion.
After that,in 138,the emporer pius stop the suppression on the jews and the laws against them(such as regarding shabat and circumcise)and thrabi return to Judea as a leader. while he was gone the rabis decided the partition of the year without him.
The nasi,with the help of other rabbis loke rabi meir,helped the jews rebuild the land after the destruction of the rebellion,and they assembled th esanhedrin in hosha,in he galil,after the center in yavne was closed.
Rabi meir,was a very important scholer of the tora,and many of its comments are mention in the mishna, which would be compliled 50 years later.
Rabi meirs tradition and legends are the source to the coomon belive among jews even since that period,that charity to the poor jewish coomnity in the holyland is a gesture that grant mercy from god,a tradition that was obsereved for more 1500 years.
Another imortent sage israbi yochanan hasandlar, that died in 150.
He was a decended of king david from his grandson sfather,and on e his dscendet would be rachi(rabi shimon itschaki)from the 12 century,that most of the Ashkenazi jews are decendet from.
160-220:rabbi yehuda hanasi,
The rabi had good relation with the and according to the talmus he had personal relation with emporer pius and later markus orelius,and karakala.
Yehuda moved the Sanhedrin to tsipori, which was a big jewish city at that time,and the nasi recived big land to rule from the romans.
In 192,a civil war broked in the emporer as two forces fought for the crown,and according to the tslmud 24 towns near lod were harmed,since some jews helped one side and other jews helped the other.in 194 h the winner pardon all of the jews in Israel.the next emporer, karakala, was also in friendly relation with yehuda, and gave the nasi big lands in the Golan.according to the Talmud,the nasi even owned ships that trade in with forgien countries.
Yehuda hanasi most important project is the compile of the mishna, which is the oral tradition of the tora.tha was paseed from on generation to the next.
The oral traditions, that explained in detailes the laconic orders in the written tora,were forbidden to put in writing,but hanasi was afaraid that it would be forgotten,and he puted it in the mishna.
http://hebrewbooks.org/pdfpager.aspx?req=9671&st=&pgnum=493
yehuda hanasi is mention in it many times,usually under the tiltle rabi:
http://hebrewbooks.org/pdfpager.aspx?req=9671&st=&pgnum=498


220-230:rabi gamliel barbi(gamliel III):yehuda's son .
http://books.google.com/books?id=PVsCAAAAIAAJ&pg=PA681&dq=rabbi+gamaliel+III&hl=ja&ei=rDcnTKyWI5aekQXMyL2EAQ&sa=X&oi=book_result&ct=result&resnum=2&ved=0CC8Q6AEwAQ#v=onepage&q=rabbi%20gamaliel%20III&f=false

230-270:rabi yehuda nesia:((yehuda II)gamliel son.
http://www.halakhah.com/pdf/moed/Taanith.pdf
(page 76)
Was a nasi that dedicated to the education of the children.
Important rabis in his long period were rabi rish lakish,and rabi yochanan,that are mention many times in the talmud,as both of them study in the important yeshiva in tiberia and their argument about logics arevery famous.
The period(235-280)was a very unsatbel time in the roamn emporer,and the jews in Judea suffer from it.
In the end of the period,thw area was briefly occupaoid by the palmyrene empier,with not much changes in the status of the jews.
270-290rabi gamliel IV,yehudas son.in histime rabi hoshaya worked on his collection of present and past breitot,articals that weren't written in the mishna by varius rabbis about varius subjects.
290-320-rabi yehuda nesia II(yehuda III).in his time the famuse rabi assi and rabi ami worked.
The bizantic occupation(350-620)

320-365:rabi hillel II.yehuda's son.
In his period,the roma empier adopted Christianity as is formal religion,and thatcame with oppression of the jews all over the empier,expecialy in Israel.
The Sanhedrin was prohibed from held meetings,and that prevented from the jewish authorities to declared the annual order of the year.
This is why, rabi yehuda in 359,assembeled the modern jewish calendar,which is not based on actual observation of the moon period, but rather on a algoritam a that predict the moon and sun cycles, though the development of the calendar continued a few hundred years later.
In 351 another jewsih revolt occuared in Judea,called the galos revolt.
The revolt wasn't just because of the constant occupation,and the historic opportunity to rebel against rome when its in a week time,but also a result of the weeking of the Sanhedrin power among the jews, as a result of the christian pressure.
He rebellion was centered in tsipori,tiberia acre and lidia,but though the rebelled conqured Jerusalem,the Sanhedrin didn't supported them,and this is ehy when the roman came and quailed the rebellion without too much trubles,there were no prosecution sagainst the jews more then ususal and massacres and explusion didn't occurred.
In 362,the new emporer,Julian the apostate,was against the rule of chritsianity,and tries to re-build the temple in Jerusalem(which jews wwrent allowed to enter to since 70 a.d).jews from all over the empier returned to Israel and started the rebuild the temple,and they destroyed the alter that emporer hedrian builded on the ruins of the temple.the works continued until 27/5 363 because of a big earthquake,and later in 26/6 the emporeer sied in battle,and the emporer after him canceled the plan completely.
365-385:rabi gamliel V
During his time rabi yermiya and rabi yosi ben yosi were famuse rabis.this the time that the Jerusalem Talmud was compiled,a collection od articals that interpetent the mishna.
385-400:rabi yehuda IV:
400-425:rabi gamliel IV the last nasi of the Sanhedrin.in 415 the nasi was charged with diobbeing the law by building news synagous,circumcise of salves,and judging in cases where Christians are involved,and h was ounished.in 425 he died with no heir,and by this the hillel dynesty of 500 years had eneded.
425-520:the tiberia academy :
This a period of time,that the jews didn't had a religious leaders they wre letitimate because of their dynesty and realation to old sages,and hey took a paasive role in he land.at that time the rwestern roma empier collapsed in 476,and in afew occasion in that century,the samaretans rebbeld agaiasnt the Christians,but there is no record for the jews joining the.the rebellion coused he masacers of most of the samaretans population in the center of the country.
520:the mar zutra dynsty.
In 500,mar zutra, arelatiev of the head of the jews in babilon,and a decended fro king david,rebelled against the religious oppression of the sasanid perisan empier,and even ruled a small jewish fief in perisa for a few year, before the Persian re occupied the area.his son,fled to Israel after his father execution,and was accepted in tiberia as a leader.mar zutra led the jews in Israel from tiberia,an his decendedled the people for 7 generation(mar zutra the son,rabi guria,mar zutraIV,rabi Yaakov,rabi migas,rabi nechamiya ,rabi avdimi)were the head of the jews in Israel(according to seder olam zuta)
Rabi yenei:a famous hims writer.many of his himes are inbeded in the jewsih prayer book.
His succesore,rabbi eliezer klir,lived up until 650,wrote houndered of himes,many are imbedded in many importent prayers.
http://books.google.com/books?id=MZ2MwNzB69IC&pg=PA430&dq=eleazar+kalir&hl=ja&ei=gjgnTJjCGcygkQXw862IAQ&sa=X&oi=book_result&ct=result&resnum=1&ved=0CCgQ6AEwAA#v=onepage&q=eleazar%20kalir&f=false

During that time of the Christian suppretion of the jews in the byzantine empier and the sasanid epmpier aswell was worsten.
http://books.google.com/books?id=z10-Xz9Kno4C&pg=PA353&dq=phocas+forced+conversion+to+christianity+of+jews&hl=ja&ei=4DgnTJ6SGsqIkAW56al6&sa=X&oi=book_result&ct=result&resnum=1&ved=0CCsQ6AEwAA#v=onepage&q=phocas%20forced%20conversion%20to%20christianity%20of%20jews&f=false

607:the byzantine emporer,phocas,is trying to forcibly convert the jews in Israel to christianty.
614:the jewish rebellion against the byzantine empier.
At time, the byzantine empire was in a week position ,because of its emporer was assassinate,and the sasasind empier wish to take that to its own advantage .
They alined with the jews from babel,toghetr with the jews in Israel, under the leadership of Benjamin of tiberia,and they conqured Israel with out much of resistence.thr jewis army was of 20,000 soldiers from babel and probably the same number from the jews in Israel, especially the galil area.
According to sefer zrubabel,and to the Armenian historian sebeos:
http://rbedrosian.com/seb8.htm

(chapter 24-26)
http://www.religiousstudies.uncc.edu/jcreeves/sefer_zerubbabel.htm
tough the Christians in Jerusalem surrendered,and the jews rulled the city peacefully for a couple of mounths,the Christian mob assasinat the jewish leader and his 12 advisers,and massacerede and expelled the jews rom the city walls.
The jews returned ,tighter with the Persians and siege the city for 19 days.after the city fall,a massacre of the inhabitants occur trhough all the city and land, and some Christians even converted to judesam.
The Persian king how ever didn't like the way things become,and he ordered the jewish troops to be driven off the city,and they were station near the golden gate(in the east side of the temple mountent),and after some jews cliam the perisans are betriding them,the persina expled many jews to Persia. after 5 years of jewish autonimist control over Jerusalem and the entire land,
the Persians allowed the byzants troops to aproch Jerusalem and to attack and kill the jewish garrison near the golden gate,and later the troops swept the country and killed many jews.(619)
in 625,the bIzants reocupaied the intier area and granted amnesty to the jews that supported the perisains,but when the byzantine emporer hercelius came to Jerusalem ,he allowed the Christian to masacered the jews ,and many of them were either massacered or fled to Egypt.

the muslim arab occupation(638-1099)
632-641:the arabs occupay Israel from the byzantine empire.in 637 the arabs conqured Jerusalem from the Christians,and the a famous jew that had converted to islam (kaab al ahbar)showed the calif were the old temple was.thye calif himself came simply to maintain order,since the muslim army massacered the population.
http://web.archive.org/web/20060429163403/http://www.christianorigins.com/islamrefs.html#sophronius
according to Christian sources 4000 people,including jews were massacered near gaza by the arabs.
the area(of the temple mounts) was full of garbage ,since the chritians ,in order to daily humiliate he jews, hrow their garbage and sourage a that point for houndrds of years.the calif omar build the el aksa mosque there,later he allowed jews to return to live in Jerusalem, and 70 families from tiberia moved in it,thi s after 500 years that jews were allowed to enter or settled in Jerusalem,they were only allowed to eneter th ceity in the temple destruction memorial day,to weap and morn on it.many jews that hury up and return to live in Israel,setteled in Jerusalem and assign them self to clean the temple from the rubbish every day.
20 jews were incharge of the cleaning of the el axa mousue up until muslims replaced them in 717.

In 638 a big plague hit the entire area and many people died.
Up until 641,the muslims conqured hevron and cesaria,with the help of the jews(according to muslim sources only),and the occupation of the muslims of the land, that the jews preferred over the chritsian,was complete.
Tighter with great migration of arab triebs to Israel,Christian and jews tribes from Arabia had also came to sirya and to Israel as well.
715:the arab calif build the city of ramala, which would be the capital of the province,instead of lidia.many jews move to live in it,and it would be ab ig jewish city for the intire time.
717:the calif omar II inforce the omar pact on the *people of the book*,meaning jes and Christians,the rules would be inforced by the mulsim occupaiers up until the end of the ottoman empier occupation(1917):
1:the jaziya tax,is an annula fee that jews had to pay to the muslims rulers,regardless of their actual earnings,this will creat a problem later,especialy during the mamaluk period81260-1517)when the jewsih population will grow fast because of massive immigration,abut their financial opputunirties in the the ladn that the muslim ruler neglect would be very little.nevrtheless the jewsh communities in Europe started to donate money for the annul *ransum* of the jews in Israel already at that time.
2:building of new synagous was forbidden,though its seem that in jersualem and ramle new synagougs were builded any how(probably before the pact started)
3:the jew were orderd to wahve a yellow tag on them,to identify them from the muslims,and weren't allowed to were close similar to thos of the arabs.
4:carrying a sword and riding a hourse was forbidden, this santction made jews very vornuable to attacks from nomad tribes,and they could oprotect their land.
Though it didn't mean that jews didn't figt,beside from the first crusades,were jews were among the main defenders of Haifa and Jerusalem,jews weren't inroled in the army,but they did participat in revolts in Israel against the same ruler that forbid them to carry a sword himself.
5:their testimony in trial against a muslimk wasn't liable.
720:a jew name saura ben itshak(serenus) from Israel-sirya proclimaed himself as the mechiach(the delivere of he jews).and promice to recapture the holly land from the muslims.
He attract many jews ,especially from far away sapin and france to come to live in Israel,thogh he encourage them to abandat important rules of judaisam,,espcialy in the food and marriage rules.the caif yazid the second arrested him and executed him.
The remaining jews that lost their leader, ask forgivnece from the jews.
Rabi naturai gaonn accepted their return to judaisam ,and each and each of marriage was inspected to make sure that no jewish law was broken.
http://books.google.com/books?id=MZ2MwNzB69IC&pg=PA324&dq=tabari+jews+palestine&hl=ja&ei=3EAnTPeaL8uLkAWz3_THCw&sa=X&oi=book_result&ct=result&resnum=9&ved=0CFAQ6AEwCA#v=onepage&q=tabari%20jews%20palestine&f=false

749:A big earthquiack devested the land.in tiberria,the biggest jewish city in the land,30 sunagougs are destroyed the destruction reached Jerusalem as well,and tens of thousand of people were killed.the jewsb declared a fast to morn that day, for houndreds of years.
http://books.google.com/books?id=M0wUKoMJeccC&pg=PA175&dq=748+earthquake+in+tiberia&hl=ja&ei=ATonTJCIK9CHkQWLzNWcAQ&sa=X&oi=book_result&ct=result&resnum=1&ved=0CCwQ6AEwAA#v=onepage&q&f=false

Despite the destruction of 30 synagouse,it sems that the jews rebuild the city fast,sice from 750 to 950 the proces of the development of the tiberiab Hebrew vocalization will start.at time ,tiberia was called median maaziya,on the name of a famous Jerusalem family that moved there after the revolts against the romans.
http://books.google.com/books?id=VDtY4S09efoC&pg=PA7&dq=hebrew+vocalisation+tiberia+9+century&hl=ja&ei=qDknTJfUMZaekQXKzpGFAQ&sa=X&oi=book_result&ct=result&resnum=1&ved=0CCwQ6AEwAA#v=onepage&q&f=false

755:rabib achai come from babel to Israel,live until 762.he was supposed to become the head of the jewish community in Iraq, and there for the head of the jewish community in the intire muslim empier, but someone else was assige to it.in Israel he wrote his famous book:shelitot.a bok that answer qastions about varius of subjects, with stories from the bible and the Talmud.the book become later a source for information for far away communities in Europe,like innspain and germany.
796:civil war betwin the beduin tribes becom a rebellion a gainst the abas dymesty,amd many cities,especialy Judeain .beit guvrin an Ashkelon are destroyed and non muslims are being tarfeted.
http://books.google.com/books?id=M0wUKoMJeccC&pg=PA175&dq=748+earthquake+in+tiberia&hl=ja&ei=ATonTJCIK9CHkQWLzNWcAQ&sa=X&oi=book_result&ct=result&resnum=1&ved=0CCwQ6AEwAA#v=snippet&q=796&f=false

800-811:anan ben david,the founder of the karaiat movment ,some to Jerusalem and start to convince people to join his movmnet.
Anan was appointed as the head of the jews in baebl, since he was the only heir of the former dynesty,the bustanai family,that traiced its roots back to king david,but very fast the main scholers and rabbis,because he was opoosing the teaching of the oral tora,and the interpatation of the geonim,based of the babilonian Talmud.
http://books.google.com/books?id=M0wUKoMJeccC&pg=PA175&dq=748+earthquake+in+tiberia&hl=ja&ei=ATonTJCIK9CHkQWLzNWcAQ&sa=X&oi=book_result&ct=result&resnum=1&ved=0CCwQ6AEwAA#v=snippet&q=anan%20&f=false

In 770 he published his book,the book of the mitsvot,but failed to attract many followers.in Israel and in Egypt he had beter luck.
800-842:the country is tuned off with rebellions against the abbas dynesty,that rised to power in 750,instead of the umiyads.
In 800,and jewish revolt, led by yechiya ben yermia,failed.he had two mulsim advaisers though.
http://books.google.com/books?id=M0wUKoMJeccC&pg=PA42&dq=Ijnadayn+Lajjun&ei=fBMnSbr2IJSmM4GIoaQH#v=onepage&q=haifa%20jews&f=false

In 809,a jewish, arab,and Christian revolt ocured but it failed as well.
In 842,there was a big revolt that mainly mulsims participate in against the anas dynesty,that failed too.
http://books.google.com/books?id=M0wUKoMJeccC&pg=PA175&dq=748+earthquake+in+tiberia&hl=ja&ei=ATonTJCIK9CHkQWLzNWcAQ&sa=X&oi=book_result&ct=result&resnum=1&ved=0CCwQ6AEwAA#v=onepage&q=842%20rebellion&f=false

In the Fatimid period,the gaon of Israel was the leader of all of the jews in the empire in the muslim rulers eye,and every jew had to obey him.
878:the land is conqured by the tolonies(the governer of egyot,after quailing a rebellion in Israel,took control over Israel and Syria,and stop pay its taxex to the abassid,the dynesty founder was called tulon.the karaitas(annans followers) main ledear would be Daniel ben moshe elmkosi.the new rullers were favorats of the jews, and elmekosi encourage jews to return and to live in Jerusalem,so many jews did return to live in Israel,especialy from north Africa and Italy.another thing about the kariats,is that they wrote more in Hebrew more then in aramic or Arabic.
905:the tulunid dynesty come to an end and the abasids returned.
915:rabbi saadia gaon,writes the first Hebrew dictunary.he also translated the bible and mishan to Arabic.he also wrote a praying book that collect all the prayers .
Sadia gaon wrote many other famous and importents books.he also argued a lot with the karaiat movments,that were spilit apart from formal judaisam.
He was born in egpyt in the age 33 went to tiberia,espcialy to study more,so he could fight against the kariast.
He was very appriciat by all the communities.
922:an argument betwin the yeshiva in Israel to the big yeshiva in babel about the calculation of the year and months,that is usually being decided by the Israeli yeshiva,coused the two communities to celebrat the pesah holyday on different days.this time,sadia gaon was on the baebl side,while his opponent from Israel was rabi aaron be meir,in the end,the Israelis accepted the big yeshiva of babes oppinoon,out of respect to rabi sadia gaon.
http://books.google.com/books?id=M0wUKoMJeccC&pg=PA42&dq=Ijnadayn+Lajjun&ei=fBMnSbr2IJSmM4GIoaQH#v=snippet&q=gaon%20jerusalem%20jews&f=false

935:the ikshadid dynesty take control over the land up until 969,when they were replaced by the fatimids.
950:the tiberia Hebrew vocalization scholers reach its peak.the asher family,was a tiberian family hat ever since the beginning of the 8 century that dealed with scribes and the riht pronauciation of the reasing of the Hebrew in the bilble and the Talmud.
His oponet was moshe ben naftali, also son of afamous Israeli family that deals with scribes.later rabis like the rambam will take asher as the right oppinon.
960:avraham succed his father,aharon ben meir as the gaon of Jerusalem.
969:the country is being taken under the control of the fatimids.the calif,al muiz,is very favorirs of the jews,and he appointed an Italian jew,(thatb planned the calif invasion to Egypt and Syria)name paltiel the nagid(the representer)to rule israel,h was alos the ledear of the jews in the empier,though,once agin,the big yeshiva in babel were stile under the control of the abas.
976:paltiel died,and his son shmuel succed him.
http://books.google.co.jp/books?id=PCalmtflYtEC&pg=PR10&lpg=PR10&dq=paltiel+hanagid&source=bl&ots=1aATDktqk6&sig=Q69sG8Pr655o-LWtNDwoAiBB81c&hl=ja&ei=8R8eTO3xKIOeceyUhPUM&sa=X&oi=book_result&ct=result&resnum=2&ved=0CBoQ6AEwAQ#v=onepage&q&f=false
989:the new Fatimid calif, hakim,supres the non mulsims in the empier.,though his hate was maily against Christians.he ruled until 1021.he also band the use of wine,which the country was a great producer of.he also destroyed all of the churches in Israel.there were also reports on forced conversion to islam.
1000:around that time,the bedoun trieb,the tai,after years of invasion to the settle land,took the actual control of the inner country,and his leader,the bani jarach,were the actual rulers of the lands.at that point,the fatimids gave them ramla to rule to appease them,but already in 1013 they will rebel and will rule the country.
the beduin didn't respect any law,and they targeted and oppressed the non-mulsim and confiscated may lands.
http://books.google.com/books?id=M0wUKoMJeccC&pg=PA42&dq=Ijnadayn+Lajjun&ei=fBMnSbr2IJSmM4GIoaQH#v=snippet&q=bedouin%201025&f=false

The jews of Jerusalem report on massacres, rape of women and children,the destruction of houses and the burning of fields.
The jewish communities of Jerusalem and ramla become very small,
1025:wars betwin the mulsims and Christians destroyes Jerusalem.shlomo hakohen gaon ben yosef,the leader of the jews of Jerusalem described the poor situation of the jews:after that war,we have nothing left,we are empty,naked,sad,poor,,not even a clothing to cover our self.
http://books.google.com/books?id=M0wUKoMJeccC&pg=PA42&dq=Ijnadayn+Lajjun&ei=fBMnSbr2IJSmM4GIoaQH#v=snippet&q=gaon%20jerusalem%20jews&f=false

1060:the governer of Jerusalem is a kariat jew.,isthak ben aahron(page 552)
http://books.google.com/books?id=M0wUKoMJeccC&pg=PA42&dq=Ijnadayn+Lajjun&ei=fBMnSbr2IJSmM4GIoaQH#v=onepage&q=Ijnadayn%20Lajjun&f=false

1068 :big earth quaick destroyed ramla,many jews died.
1071:the saljuks counqure Israel and babel as well.
1090:the gaon of ramla is rabi avitor ben eliyau halohen.
1092:more then tiberia,Haifa become the most poppulted with jews in the galil.
http://books.google.com/books?id=M0wUKoMJeccC&pg=PA42&dq=Ijnadayn+Lajjun&ei=fBMnSbr2IJSmM4GIoaQH#v=onepage&q=haifa%20jews&f=false

the crusaders occupation(1099-1260)
1099:the first Christian crusade reach Israel.
A europian legue from mailnly west erupoe start by traveling from west Europe trough aisa monor and to Israel,on the way,they massacre many jewish communities,especialy on the rian river,where jews preferd to comminte suicide instead of convert to Christianity.
Its satreted in 1097,and in 1098,the Fatimid conqured Jerusalem from the sljuks,after 40 days of siege.
In asia minor and sirya they created two states,edesa and antioc,and invaded Israel,going first to jeruasalem and bet lechemafter conquring yaffo as their port and ramla,which were abanded by the muslim defenders.
The cruasederd siege the city for 5 weeks and then mange to ieneter it,massacring the muslims and all of the jews.2000 jews were closed in the synagous and burded to death.
http://books.google.com/books?id=7ZijpKqZyyYC&printsec=frontcover&dq=isbn:0486425193&hl=ja&cd=1#v=onepage&q&f=false

(page 48)
The jews participated in the defence of thecity tighter with the muslims,and the surviver were later exiled to south Italy,though only some of them reached itsaly alive.
Others and their hooly books wre held as reansom,and the kariat community in ashlkelon payed the ransom for their relies.
After the fall of jerusalem,many jews fled to gaza and ashkelom,and Egypt,while pothers to Damascus, tankard the crusadres established the princehood of the galil after conquring the galil,that was mainly poppuleted with jews,without much of resistance.
1100:the crusaders,expel the people of arsuf,and massacre the popel of cesaria.
It is reprted that the defence of Haifa was mainly jewish,and after amonth of fighting most of the peppulation,mainly jewish were massacered.
After
1004:acre is conqured,the population is massacered(4000 people)
1100-1144:the crusaders,and the new Christian kingdom I Israel,the kingdom of jersalem,defends itself againt numures muslims attacks from Egypt and syria,until 1144 the pricehood of antioch fall and the second crusade start,and in 1149 eneded up in a failure to conqur Damascus.
1141:the famous jewish philosopher from spaim,yehuda halevi ,famous forbhis poems and his master work,the kuzari,come to Israel with his son in law,wishing to inspier other jews to do the same .he died a year later.according to some sources,by a mulsim.
http://www.jewishencyclopedia.com/view.jsp?artid=643&letter=J&search=judah%20halevi#2221

1153:Ashkelon is conqured by the crusaders.the big jewish community,which had many refugees from the fisr crudsaed from varius towns in Israel,were expeld to el arish.
http://books.google.co.jp/books?id=x6LxAAAAMAAJ&pg=PA340&dq=Siege+of+Ascalon+1153&hl=ja&ei=cWsfTNycLsO5ceu_7YMN&sa=X&oi=book_result&ct=result&resnum=5&ved=0CD4Q6AEwBDgK#v=onepage&q=Siege%20of%20Ascalon%201153&f=false
(page 342).
1165:rabi moshe ben maimom(Maimonides)escape from spain and morocco from his family,come to Israel,but the oppression of the jews push them to go to live in egypt.in Israel they visit the temple mount in Jerusalem, and the fathers graves in hevron.
He and his decendedt celebrat the day(17 and 20 of October) of the visist to the holly palces,and it was celebrat by the jews up until the 15 century,since his decendets would lead the jews in the near east,as the nagid,up until that time.
http://books.google.com/books?id=5_PhkCPACSoC&printsec=frontcover&dq=maimonides&hl=ja&ei=03YfTMSHHsuGkAW9ndi6Cw&sa=X&oi=book_result&ct=result&resnum=6&ved=0CEEQ6AEwBQ#v=onepage&q&f=false

In Israel,he met the gaon of acre,rabi yefet ben eliyau.
Rabi moshe maimon,was a decendet of king david,just like the Sanhedrin leaders of the hillel dynesty.
He was avery famous physician,and even served the ayyubuid caliphs, like saladin.
He wrote several books about medicine.on the same time he was the leader of the jewish community in Egypt ,Israel and sirya,and helped solving problems in far away communities,like yemen.
He wrote many important books,that serve as the basic for jewish halacha.
He wrote a full commentary for the mishna in 1161,based on the Talmud.he wrote it in jewish-arabic.
In 1177,he finish the mishne tora,his commentary for the Talmud,whch he wrote in Hebrew. this important book was a reason for many argumenst in jewish community both in israedl and in the disaspora,and only later with the writing of shulchan aruch safed in the 16 century,its legitimacy was accepted by ball the jews.
In 1191,he wrote his most important book,more nebochim,which is a book of philosophy,that succed to logicly explain the jewish fate,or a middle way between the Greek philosophy to the jewish monitheisam,
Rabi mose maimon is consider to be the most important jewish rabi ever, only the bible and Talmud sages are above him.
He died in 1205 and was buried in tiberai,his son avraham,will contine he postionof the nagid and his sns after would lead the jews until 1415.
1171:the jewish traveler,bejamin of tudela,come to Israel,and report in very detailes of the jewish communities in Israel.he traveled al over the world,from spain to india and rusia,from 1165 to 1173.
He meet record 200 jews in a acre led by rabi yefet and rabi yona.
20 jews in cesaria.one jew in lidia.200 jew in Jerusalem living near the tower of advid.two jews in bet lechem.(all jews in the thre cities worked as diers)3 jews in beit govrin.300 jews in shunam( in the galil)2 jews in nov in Judea.3000 jews in ramla.one jew in yaffo.200 jews in Ashkelon,led by rabi tsemach,aaron,and shlomo.in tiberia 50 jews,led by rabi avraham,rabi mubtar,and rabi itshak.20 jews in gush halev,50 jews in meron.in Damascus he found 3000 jews. in palemira he found 2000 jews,that fight the crusaders tighter with he muslisms.in aleop he found 5000 jews.in Iraq he found even bigger communities.in bagdad 40,000 and in egypt 30,000.
http://www.hebrewbooks.org/pdfpager.aspx?req=2933&st=&pgnum=26

1185:the jewsih traveler, petchiya of rigunsberg, come to Israel after touring east europe and rusia. he also report on the little communities of jews that survived the crusaders massacres.
1187:after the battle of the horn of hitin, near the sea of galil, where the crusaders lose most of their army to saladin, new ruller of the ayyubid dynesty, that controlled both sirya and Egypt, the muslims invaded the land and captured most of the castles ,including Jerusalem. he allowed the jews to return to live in Jerusalem.
http://books.google.com/books?id=NLsxDfIgSLMC&pg=PA320&dq=the+jews+return+to+jerusalem+in+1187&hl=ja&ei=qcIgTLnEMpWXkQXNwemTCg&sa=X&oi=book_result&ct=result&resnum=1&ved=0CCgQ6AEwAA#v=onepage&q=the%20jews%20return%20to%20jerusalem%20in%201187&f=false
1191:the third crusade, led by king bof England, reoccupy Israel, and destroyed most of the mulsim army.in the peace agreement that was singed in yafoo, the chritian kingdom becom a narrow state on the coast,with permission to pilgrim in jerusalm.
1209:300 jewish rabbis and their scholers and their families return from England and france,and seteld in acre,the new capital of the Christian state.
The 300 rabis were called the tosfot,and were the mlst important rabis at that time.
The 300 rabis participated in comentaring on 30 chapters in the babilonian tallmud and on the rashi(rabi shlomo itshaki,the most important ashekenazi rabi)comentaruy on the Talmud.what they bdid was to assembled all the comenatry about a specific chapter ever since the talmud was seiled.and base their decision on that.
The king of Jerusalem,jan de brain sign the authorization letter to them to settle in acre.
http://books.google.co.jp/books?id=98LRo54Lcw8C&pg=PA158&dq=acre+jewish+community+in+1211&hl=ja&ei=Zs4gTPPsKcKwceyuoCg&sa=X&oi=book_result&ct=result&resnum=1&ved=0CDIQ6AEwAA#v=onepage&q=acre%20jewish%20community%20in%201211&f=false

The ledears of the rabis that return to Israel were rabo simson of sens,and rabi jonatan of lunil,both were friends with rabi maimon, though rabi simson of sens oppsed maimon oppinons ,whilerabi yonatan suppurted his oppinon.any how,the jewish community of acre was one of the main opposition to accepting the maimonid teaching.
1219:during the 5th crusad ,the ayyubus dismental and destroyed most of walls of jerusale, and its jews flee from the city.
1229:the 6th crusade.the german emporer,fridrich II,becom the king of Jerusalem through marige,and invade Israel.the internal tensions betwin the ayyubid kings,make thn avoid conflicts and they singe a peace agreement,that give jerusalmn and beit lechem to Christians.
1235:rabi yaakov,an israeli rabi,is send by his rabi,rabi yechiel of paris,to collect donation to the yeshiava in acre from Europe.befroe that he tour ttheland of Israel and record all the sages graves,an information that will help him to attarck jews to donat for the preservation of the graves.
1244:the khawarimis,soldiers from the eastern kingdom that was destroyed by the Mongols,conqured Jerusalem and massacres its Christians.most jews from the area flee to Nablus.on the same year,in the battle of hirbiya,the crusaders lose to the muslims and lose most of their army.
1254:the 7th crusade.after the frence king lose in Egypt,but couse to the ayyubid dynesty to fall and replaced by the mamluks,he fortified many cities in the couste cities with great expence.
1260:rabi yechiel of patriz,is establishing a yeshiva in scre with his many followers.
The rabi is famous for his brave role in the paris trial,where he defended in 1242 the jewish fate against Christian accusations.
I Israel he tried to advocate the renewal of the sacrifice worship in jerusalwm,but it sem that his death in 1267 put the plan to a halt.
http://www.jewishencyclopedia.com/view.jsp?artid=191&letter=J
on the same time,rabi abulafia come to acre,but the mongol invasion scare him awat.the rabi would later become a very important kabalist.
1260:in the battle of ein jalut,hte mamluks led by baiberis,defeat the mongol invaders.
Fromm this point the mamluks would be the actual rulers of Israel and the area.
the mamaluk occupation(1260-1517)
1265-1271:the mamluks,led by bibares destroy all the coaust cities beised gaza.the intier coastle area would be deserted up until the 19 century.
1266:bibres called the jews to resetelled Israel and especilay Jerusalem but on the same time forbid non-muslims to enter the holy palces in Jerusalem and hevron.
http://books.google.co.jp/books?id=2aOpeBnbxvsC&pg=PA337&dq=Baibars+forbid+jews&hl=ja&ei=DhYiTILsB4PZcZD25Eg&sa=X&oi=book_result&ct=result&resnum=1&ved=0CCgQ6AEwAA#v=onepage&q&f=false

1267:rabi moshe ben nachman,a sapharadi rabi,come to Israel,and restore the jewish communit there.
The rabi mixed sapharadi and Ashkenazi philosophy.in his famous commentary to the bible,he was more favorat to rashi then maimon.
He also wrote acomentary on the Talmud.and in other books he critic and answer other mportent rabis.
He was famous for practicing in the barselona debate,in 1263,in which he won,though the chritians expled him from spain.
In Israel he restored the jewish synagoug in the jewish courter in the old city,which would be the only jewish synagous in Jerusalem up for houndreds of years.
http://books.google.com/books?id=rbT7Vur2ZTwC&pg=PA120&dq=nachmanides+in+jerusalem&hl=ja&ei=7t8gTLSIC4GgkQXAha0U&sa=X&oi=book_result&ct=result&resnum=1&ved=0CCsQ6AEwAA#v=onepage&q=nachmanides%20in%20jerusalem&f=false
1289:rabi shlomo patot of acre ban the reading of the books of rabi maimon.
http://books.google.com/books?id=Q3uc8zB5FRoC&pg=PA137&dq=rabi+shlomo+patit&hl=ja&ei=s-EgTKDYFc6LkAWsi_DqDw&sa=X&oi=book_result&ct=result&resnum=1&ved=0CC0Q6AEwAA#v=onepage&q&f=false

1291:the last crusade city in Israel, acre,is captured by mamluks that destroy it and most of its big jewish community spread all over the country. Though the jews participated in the defemnce of the city,most of them were spare by the muslims.
http://books.google.co.jp/books?id=YvBynNte54YC&pg=PA86&dq=acre+jews+1291&hl=ja&ei=yRYiTPz8ForJcbut5BQ&sa=X&oi=book_result&ct=result&resnum=3&ved=0CDYQ6AEwAg#v=onepage&q=acre%20jews%201291&f=false
http://books.google.co.jp/books?id=3St6D8PC4tcC&pg=PA91&dq=acre+jews+1291&hl=ja&ei=thciTOevEMf0cLDY4Cw&sa=X&oi=book_result&ct=result&resnum=4&ved=0CDsQ6AEwAw#v=onepage&q&f=false
1300:the Mongols,led by ghazan,shortly take conrol over the country,until they retreat after5 mounths.
1313-1337:rabbi ishtori parchi ,of france,return to live in Israel.he was a physician and topographer and is famous for is brilliant work called,kaftor vaperach,a book that describe the land of Israel,and identified its old biblical and Talmudic period towns.
He was a goog friend f gthe nagid at that time,rabbi shmuel,which was rabi maimons sons grandson.
In his book which was written in hebrew,that is based on 7 years of traveling in every single setelment in the land,he identified 180 places mention in the bible.
1337:rabbi Yaakov hilo retuen to live in isarel.he describe Jerusalem with big jewish community from france,that study tora day and night.he also describe old toesn in Judea populated with a few jews,like eitam,halhul,and in hebron he found many jews ,many of then work in the glass and wool industry,and pray day and night in the synagoug.in arab he found a few jewish shepherd.
In the coustale area he found gamzu,with many jews in it.in ramala he also found many jews.he also report on rich jews in yafo,though the city is mainly destroyed.
He also found jews ingeva and shiol north of Jerusalem,and in Nablus.he also found some jews in cesaria,and many more in Haifa,
He report on many destroyed jewsih towns in the galil,though he found smale comunties that dwell near important graves of old dags,like in tiberia,sachnin,and tsipori.he also describe avery big jewish community in safed, and in gush halev,and sasa.
http://www.hebrewbooks.org/pdfpager.aspx?req=2933&st=&pgnum=78
1350:a big Ashkenazi jewish grupe led by rabi beilshtian setteled in jerusalm.from that time and on,with the black death in Europe and the horobole massacre of jews that followed it,many europian jews return to live in Israel,in 1400 the askenazim bought a yard and in it a synagoug and a yeshiva.
1391:the oppression of the jews in spain drive many of then to return to Israel,and they dwell in Jerusalem,gaza,hevron, and safed.
1400:the mongole invade the near east again, by timurlang..the mongolos conquresirya,and masscer the inhabits of Damascus,among then many jews.many refuges flee to south to Israel.the Mongols retreat in 1405.
http://books.google.co.jp/books?id=AhasMr2F3i8C&pg=PA282&dq=timur+lang+1400&hl=ja&ei=5EUjTOfyE8aXcfP2xaoF&sa=X&oi=book_result&ct=result&resnum=2&ved=0CDUQ6AEwAQ#v=onepage&q=timur%20lang&f=false
1415;the last nagid in cairo,a decendet of the rabi maimon,move to sirya,and the nagid position is replaced by rich jews from Egypt.
The last nagid,dadid II,was also aphisician.
http://books.google.com/books?id=QH3BHQulNpsC&pg=PA23&dq=nagid&hl=ja&ei=010nTKTbIdGIkAWjmOR2&sa=X&oi=book_result&ct=result&resnum=2&ved=0CC0Q6AEwAQ#v=onepage&q=nagid%20mimonides&f=false

1427:the jews and Christians argue about the ownership over mouth zion.for the jews,it is king david grave,and for the Christians it's the palce where the *;last super* took place.eventualy,the mamluks prevent from both jews and chritians to enter the place in 1452 it becom a muslim mosque.
1441:a famine in Jerusalem and the poor condition of the city,and the heavey taxes,forces 100 jewish families from Jerusalem to live elsewhere.
http://www.jewishencyclopedia.com/view.jsp?artid=242&letter=J&search=Musta'arabi Jews#932
http://books.google.co.jp/books?id=ysfzQsWbfDMC&pg=PT24&dq=mount+zion+christian+dispute&hl=ja&ei=HlEjTPuOJcmrcbfazbEF&sa=X&oi=book_result&ct=result&resnum=4&ved=0CDoQ6AEwAw#v=onepage&q=mount%20zion%20christian%20dispute&f=false
1470:rabi saadia adani return from yemen to Israel,and settle in safed.
1474:the muslims in Jerusalem destroyed the jewish synagoug in the jewish courter.the jews were allowed to rebuild it,after paying a lot of ransom and bribe to the mamluk clerks,but after 120 years,the otomnas will destroy the synagoug,because building news syngougs is agsinst the omar laws,from 715.the jews suffering from the heavy debts they have were only resulted in the 19 century.
http://books.google.co.jp/books?id=X0jH6VPi4-gC&pg=PA221&dq=jerusalem+synagog+1474&hl=ja&ei=YlMjTNeBL83JcfC6tKQF&sa=X&oi=book_result&ct=result&resnum=1&ved=0CCgQ6AEwAA#v=onepage&q&f=false
1481:the beduin attack ramla and its jews.
1482:rabi meshulam of voltera visit in Israel. He described the tradelines from Egypt to gaza,the only remaining port in Israel,and how the mamluks secure it,because of the beduin raids.he report that moment from one place to onother in the country was only possible in big caravans of over a 1000 people.he also report how being dress and act like an arab is essential for securety reasons,since jews and forginers arre being attaked or mugged
http://www.hebrewbooks.org/pdfpager.aspx?req=2933&st=&pgnum=96&hilite=ed.


He tells about the giod wine of gaza,which was made only by jews.
1485:rabi ovadia of bertinoro travel in Israel,.he was appointed the leader of the jews in jerusalem, he also dweled in hevron for a while. Before he came there was a dispute betwin thr elders to the nagid rabi natan,and he fled to Egypt.
He met jews in gaza,hevron,in jerusaem he find many of the jews that were forced to convert to chritianty in spain.and now return to the Israeli fate.
He describe though the poornes of the jews in jersalem and their defemsless aginst the mulsism autoritis.in one time,a mulsim killed his own mother,and after saying that he was drunk,the court fineed the jewish community for *selling the wine*,with no proff or conection.
http://www.hebrewbooks.org/pdfpager.aspx?req=2933&st=&pgnum=118
http://www.jewishencyclopedia.com/view.jsp?artid=242&letter=J&search=Musta'arabi Jews#932
he also mention the fear that the insecurety in the roads and the beduin constant attacks.
1492:in the end of the mamluk period,and just before the great wave a jews that will return to live in Israel from spain and Portugal,the jewish community was led by rabi itshak,and the sapharadim rabi was david shusham,and the ashlkkenazim rabi was yosef kolon.
http://hebrewbooks.org/pdfpager.aspx?req=2594&st=&pgnum=212

1502:the nagid in egypt,which is the leader of the jews in the near east,is rabi natans son,itshak sholal.he will financily support many of the jews returning from the exile in spain and portugal and will help them to become the dominanat society of israel .he held his position until the ottomans canceled the nagid position in 1517. He died later in a plague in 1526.
1513:rabi avrham zekut ,the famous jewish sceintis that helped christofer Columbus to discover America,return to live in Jerusalem from spain.
http://www.maa.org/mathland/mathtrek_10_09_06.html

the ottoman occupation(1517-1917)
1516-17:the ottoman empier conqured Israel,sirya,Egypt togheter with all of the middle east,and encoureg many of the jews that were expelled in spain to settle in Israel and in Jerusalem.
http://books.google.co.jp/books?id=zMYoX859nV0C&pg=PA21&dq=Bayezid+I+jews&hl=ja&ei=i3QlTJuKMoXRcdyx9O8C&sa=X&oi=book_result&ct=result&resnum=1&ved=0CCgQ6AEwAA#v=onepage&q=Bayezid%20I%20jews&f=false

1517:rabbi yaaakov berav from spain,move from Jerusalem to safed.until 1546 he will study from many of the important rabis.he was very bright rabbi,and already in the gae of 18 was appointed a rabbi in spain.
1518:rabbi moshe of trani,becom the leader of the big jewish community in safed.many of then are jews exiled from spain.
1520:the ottomans rebuild the walls of Jerusalem.this change the situation in Jerusalem,from a very vournable an un secured town during the mamluk period,to a safe city to live.this envcourage many jews,and muslim too,to settle in it.
1521:rabi moshe basula visit in Israel.in his writing he report on the big jewish city of safed,and its strong wool and textile industry.,
http://books.google.co.jp/books?id=qqy4wqVbSUkC&pg=PA160&dq=jacob+ibn+habib&hl=ja&ei=3XslTIaFFY-lcdiZ2McC&sa=X&oi=book_result&ct=result&resnum=2&ved=0CDYQ6AEwAQ#v=onepage&q=safed&f=false

1523:-shlomo molko,a jew in origin that he peresnts were forced to convert to Christianity in spain,and he was burn a Christian,return to judesam,after me...
odokokan Sent to:  headlessteddybear, hebrewhammerer, himarty, historicrecord, holocaustemlekoldal, holyremnant, humanrightsun, humanumgenus, ibbetsonusa, idan2bar2bar1, idanis1, idf870, idfco12, ilanushkah, ilgtrs, iloveanddonthate, ilovejewishgoddess, ilovetheidf, iluvmycapufin, im0ls, imperatorarie

 time line for jewish history in israel part 1(1100b.c-160 b.c)with sources
Hello everyone,
Ive made a time line list,that record all the importents evenst of the jewsih people in its homeland,Israel.as you can see ,there isn't a year in the last 2000 years without jewish presence in Israel,on the conterary of what some think.

Time line of the Israeli nation in the land of Israel:
From 1100 b.c to 1882 a.d
The first kingdom period(1100b.c-586)
1:1047 b.c to 1007b.c:
the estimated crowning of the Israelis first king, Saul, that unite the 12 israeli tribes under the laws of their early prophet and leader, moses.
Saul assemble a regular army from all the tirbes and rebel against the control of the neighboring nations,his main warrior and general would be the next king, david.
Earlier mention of the Hebrew come from amarna letters and from the meneptah stele:
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Merneptah_Stele#Mention_of_Israel
and also from the famous mernepta inscription.
http://books.google.co.jp/books?id=bdINI0bdBgkC&pg=PA73&dq=karnak+inscription+israel&hl=ja&ei=a_kmTMOtM46rcfT01KcC&sa=X&oi=book_result&ct=result&resnum=3&ved=0CDcQ6AEwAg#v=onepage&q&f=false

2:1007 b.c to 977b.c:
the crowning of king david over Israel. David defeat and subdue all of the neighboring nations, including the strong philistine cities in the south and the aramim kingsomes in the north. He conquers Jerusalem in the center of Israel and makes it the Kingdom's capital.
http://books.google.com/books?id=pTY4kBRIVQYC&pg=PA596&dq=herods+sons&hl=ja&ei=tyEnTIH4LpSekQXIocyTAQ&sa=X&oi=book_result&ct=result&resnum=6&ved=0CEEQ6AEwBQ#v=onepage&q=jerusalem&f=false

a record the david can be found in the tel dan astel inscription:
http://www.kchanson.com/ANCDOCS/westsem/teldan.html
Muslim historian masudi recalled that as well(page 109)
http://www.earlychristianwritings.com/fathers/eusebius_pe_09_book9.html
That testifies about the house of David, the traditional name for the kingdome of Judea, that was ruled by the David dynasty for more then 400 years.
According to the bible, David count the entire Hebrew men (available for military service) population as 800,000 from Israel and 400,000 from Judea, and Benjamin and levy tribes weren't counted.
Archeologist belive that they found King David's palace, and it's seem that is was used by all of the kings of Judea after him.


3:977b.c-931b.c:
The golden age of King Solomon .Israel enjoy good relation with Egypt band the phinicain, and gain a lot of profit from maining gold in Africa. The later Jewish helenistic historian eupolemus write about that and its quated in esubius books from the 4 century a.d.
http://www.earlychristianwritings.com/fathers/eusebius_pe_09_book9.html

The king build the first temple in Jerusalem to house the ark of the covenant .the Israelis pilgrim to the temple three time in a year, in their most important holyday: pesach, Shavuot and sukot.
Archeological evidence to Israel strength at that time is abundant in the ruins of megido, Gezer and hatsor.
http://books.google.co.jp/books?id=2aOpeBnbxvsC&pg=PA496&dq=megiddo+archaeological+findings+king+solomon&hl=ja&ei=3PwmTJurJ9uvcPC9tbsC&sa=X&oi=book_result&ct=result&resnum=1&ved=0CCgQ6AEwAA#v=onepage&q=megiddo%20archaeological%20findings%20king%20solomon&f=false

http://books.google.co.jp/books?id=2aOpeBnbxvsC&pg=PA496&dq=megiddo+archaeological+findings+king+solomon&hl=ja&ei=3PwmTJurJ9uvcPC9tbsC&sa=X&oi=book_result&ct=result&resnum=1&ved=0CCgQ6AEwAA#v=onepage&q=hazor%20solomon&f=false

http://books.google.co.jp/books?id=2aOpeBnbxvsC&pg=PA496&dq=megiddo+archaeological+findings+king+solomon&hl=ja&ei=3PwmTJurJ9uvcPC9tbsC&sa=X&oi=book_result&ct=result&resnum=1&ved=0CCgQ6AEwAA#v=onepage&q=gezer%20solomon&f=false


4:928b.c the split between Judea in the south to the rest of the tribes in the north, that led to horrible wars between the two sisters states. One war described in the bible, where half a million of Israeli soldiers were slain in the fight against Judean soldiers.
The wars attract forgein powers to try to enjoy the spoils, king of egpyt, sishak invade Judea and plunder it. This is recorded in the karnak inscription.
http://books.google.co.jp/books?id=6OJvO2jMCr8C&pg=PA489&dq=karnak+inscription+shishak&hl=ja&ei=zP0mTMrxFY_JccfnxM4C&sa=X&oi=book_result&ct=result&resnum=1&ved=0CCgQ6AEwAA#v=onepage&q=karnak%20inscription%20shishak&f=false


5:908 b.c-867b.c: though only recorded in the bible, king asa of Judea is reported to defende Judea against an Egyptian army that contained a million black soldiers and defeat them. dsepit that asa had to bribe the northen kingdom of aram to join arms against Israel.

6:871b.c-852 b.c: peace between the Judea and Israel lead to prospore. They join arms to fights against Aram and profit from trade and mining in Africa.
The bible ignore it but king of Israel, achab is mention in the kurkh monolit, where he is depict as a strong partner of an alliance between Israel, Judea, aram, tyer and other nations against the assyrian army in the battle of karkar, where achab had the largest number of chariots.
http://books.google.com/books?hl=en&lr=&id=1Lvh29qOHHoC&oi=fnd&pg=PA273&dq=%22kurkh+monolith%22&ots=bjmQrTflBj&sig=k-0DuKWDrGxYo06Jcdk5mhZG1v0#v=onepage&q=%22kurkh%20monolith%22&f=false

With achabs death, muab in southern east bank of the jordan is rebeld againt Israel.it is described in the meisha monolit ,the king of muab:
http://he.wikipedia.org/wiki/%D7%9E%D7%A6%D7%91%D7%AA_%D7%9E%D7%99%D7%A9%D7%A2

7:850b.c-840b.c: the rebellion of yehu. According to the bible, in opposition to Israel disobedion to the laws of moses, a general name yehu kill the king of Israel, yoram,and also the king of Judea that was with him at the same time, achaziyau.
The tel dan inscription, report that it was king of Aram that killed both of the kings:
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Tel_Dan_Stele
Yehu also killed izebel, the mother of king yoram,which were from tyre and were considered a promoter of the worship of idols in Israel.
The killing of izebel ,severed the ties between Israel and phinicia and Judea as well, since not only the king of Judea was killed, his wife, atalia the doughter of izebel and achab, took control over Judea.the week position that Israel puted itself made it becoming a vessel state for assur voluntarily, as it desctibed in the black obelisk.
http://www.kchanson.com/ANCDOCS/meso/obelisk.html
(scroll all the way down to relief caprtios).
In judea, according to the bible, idol worshiper queen atalia ruled from 842b.c to 836b.c, and after eliminating every remains of the house of david the yehodaya the high kohen and the generals and the city leaders rebelled against her and crowned the only remain of the house of daviv,a boy name yohash that they succeeded to hide and protect during the elimination period.
From the time to the end of the century, Judea andisrael were vessel states to assur and aram.

8:785b.c-733b.c last prospers period.
At that time Judea and Israel had peace between the two sisters states:
Uziyau king of Judea expend south to eilat,and controeld again the edomin and even some arab tribes.in the west over the philistines in Ashdod and east in trans Jordan over the amonim.many ruins in the negev desret are a testimony of Judea power at that period.
http://books.google.com/books?id=VfrMD6UjdnEC&printsec=frontcover&dq=nelson+glueck&hl=ja&ei=kQInTL-ZLMqIkAWO7MF6&sa=X&oi=book_result&ct=result&resnum=1&ved=0CCsQ6AEwAA#v=snippet&q=copper%20&f=false

During the same time,yeravham the second, king of Israel, expended norther in aram and easter in trans Jordan, where together with Judea they build new settlement.

:748b.c-722b.c the last sisters fight and the fall of the north.
A continues assasinations of kings in Israel leave the country shaky and loyal to assur.
In 734 b.c, pakach, king of Israel join forces with Aram and attack Judea. Though they can't conquer Jerusalem, they kill 120,000 soldiers in one day, and inslaved 200,000 of the civilian population to slavery in Israel. Only after the prophet oded complain about that, they are all relised and returned to Judea.
Assur intervene and conquer aram and israel ,and the Israelis from the galil,Golan and gilad are exiled,and king hosha is appointed by the Assyrian.
http://books.google.com/books?id=AA7TsL3jlgkC&pg=PA498&dq=karnak+inscription&hl=ja&ei=9QQnTNKsCMygkQWG9K2IAQ&sa=X&oi=book_result&ct=result&resnum=1&ved=0CCgQ6AEwAA#v=onepage&q=israel&f=false

But 9 years later,another rebellion against assyur was conspired by Egypt and Israel and its capital, shomron was captured and exiled. shomron was captured both in 722 b.c by shalmenaser the fifth and again in 705 b.c by sargon II .forgeins were settled in what was Israel before,they would later be called samaretans, and they adopted a religion very similar to that of Israel.
Right after Israel,the assyirian went on to conquer Judea, as it described in the Assyrian annals of sanherib:
http://www.kchanson.com/ANCDOCS/meso/sennprism3.html
The Assyrians reppled rebellions in the area in 701, especially in phinicia and the plishtime cities.
Hezkiya king of Judea built the famous shiloa tunel (
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Siloam_inscription

To supply water to Jerusalem and strengthen the walls with brock from the houses,and also payed a heavy tribute to the Assyrian king to live Judea alone but the assrians destroyed most of the fortifies cities and destroyed the lands, inslaved 200,000 of the civilaians, but failed to capture Jerusalem. the ruins of the city Lachish in Judea can testifies of the horrible fate of the city by the hands of the Assyrians.

The bible record that the Assyrian army was eliminated and 185,000 of its soldiers were slain by an angel, while herodotus,the famous greek historian from the 5 century b.c say that a pluge fall on the soldiers and eat their weapons(book 2,chapter 141):
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Histories_(Herodotus)#Book_II_.28Euterpe.29
king hezkiya is reported in the bible to invite many of the remaining Israelis to celebrat the paesach in the temple of Jerusalem,after 200 years of separation,and the peoplple absorbed the former enemies as brothers.

10:698 b.c-586b.c:the last century of Judea and its fall.
Up until 639 b.c the kings of Judea were served as vessels of the Assyrian empire.
After that king josiah, in 627b.c stoped being a vessel of assyur toghter with the rest of the area , and expended over what was Israel before.
In 609 b.c king Josiah attacked the Egyptian army passing trough the coustle area on its way to fight the babilonians led by king necho II and dies.
http://books.google.com/books?id=EClaAtUb2TAC&pg=PA13&dq=pharaoh+necho+II&hl=ja&ei=NwYnTIL7OMyOkQXo9MSTAw&sa=X&oi=book_result&ct=result&resnum=2&ved=0CC0Q6AEwAQ#v=onepage&q=pharaoh%20necho%20II&f=false

the Egyptians lose to the babilonians, but not before they crown a king of their taste in Judea: yehoyakim, instead of his brother , yehoachaz, that was crowned by the people and was a pro-babilonians.in 605 lost in the karkemish battle to the babilonians.in 604 the babilonians invade the area and destroy Ashkelon,and that scared Judea very much and Judea subdued to babel for 3 years.
in 600 b.c the king stop paying his tributs to babel and in 598 the babiloniasn sends their allies army(aram,muab,amon)to destroy Judea and to plunder the temple.in 597 king yehoyachin surrender Jerusalem and was exiled with 10,000 of judea's high society .
http://books.google.com/books?id=Uxn0BdJDLC4C&pg=PA136&dq=jerusalem+in+babylonian+annals&hl=ja&ei=bgknTO-5MJWekQXb7JFq&sa=X&oi=book_result&ct=result&resnum=1&ved=0CCwQ6AEwAA#v=onepage&q=jerusalem%20in%20babylonian%20annals&f=false

King Tsedakiya that was appointed by the babilonians to rule occupied Judea,
In 594 b.c,the king met in Jerusalem other vessel kings about another rebellion,but the babel soon reppel the rebellion andseiged Jerusalem .an Egyptians relive force that came too late and to small to help Judea didn't help at all.
The archeologuc finding in Lachish and azeka,including the famous Lachish and arad letter letters show the military preparation and the close relation with Egypt at that time.
In 586 jerusalem fall,the king and family,and other nobels were excuted,and the city and the temple were burned down.the population were exiled to babel.
The remains of the desctruction are stile abundant today in arceaologic excavations. Only the poor people were left to work in the vineyards, according to the bible. The jews comemoret the destruction of the temple in that day(the 9 of av)from that day an on by not drinking and eating for a day.
http://books.google.com/books?id=Uxn0BdJDLC4C&pg=PA136&dq=jerusalem+in+babylonian+annals&hl=ja&ei=bgknTO-5MJWekQXb7JFq&sa=X&oi=book_result&ct=result&resnum=1&ved=0CCwQ6AEwAA#v=onepage&q=jerusalem%20in%20babylonian%20annals&f=false

After the destruction of Jerusalem and the temple, the area was govenered for the babilonians by gedalia, a leader of the jewish farmers that weren't exiled to babel, that was a pro-babel leader before the destruction.he encourage jews that fled from Judea to return to dwell in the Benjamin area.
Gedalia was assasinnet by the king of the amonim with the help of Ishmael ben netaniya, which was a relative of the house of david and probably wish to replace gedalia. instead,the assassination of a leader that was appointed by babilon,put great fear in the hearts of the jews and all of them ,according to the bible ,fled to Egypt.this is why the jews morn that day every year since then and don't eat and drink.

The perisan and helenistic period(517b.c-167b.c)
586b.c-538b.c the babilon peiord.
It is appeared that the vacuum that the jews left in the center of Israel-syria,was filed with the edomin expending to hevron an even to the phlishtim areas,while the phinicians expend all over the coustale area, even until gaza.it seemed that samretans,that were brough there by the Assyrians satyed passive for now,while a smale jewish presence remaind in the east bank of the Jordan,what was called the tuviya house,and that will be very influential in the area uo until the rise of the hashmonahin in second century b.c:
.http://books.google.com/books?id=0VG67yLs-LAC&pg=PA412&dq=hellenistic+period+in+israel&hl=ja&ei=QgwnTOX6AcGHkQWJ-PVp&sa=X&oi=book_result&ct=result&resnum=1&ved=0CC0Q6AEwAA#v=onepage&q=hellenistic%20period%20in%20israel&f=false

Other tribes either imigreted to the area or were brought to the area by the Assyrians and babilonians,like the nabatines.

538b.c-516 the return of zion:
The perisan empier inherited the near east after the babilonians,and its king cyrus allowed inslaved nation to worshiped their gods as they belived and allowed exiled population to retuen to their homelands,including the jews:
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Cyrus_cylinder
the jews were allowed to return to Judea, to live autonomicly,and to restore its temple in Jerusalem.
cyrus appointed ,zerubabel, a decendet from the house yehoyachin,to lead the jews to retuen to Judea. around 40,000 jews returned and until 516 b.c they complited the rebuilding of the temple.
Th ereturning jews resettelet 19 cities in Judea.though,the neighboring nations wanted to practice in the reconstraction of the temple the jews refused.
The jews were led by the pacha,which was appointed by the Persian kings,and by the kneset gedola,which had 120 man,which were mainly the kohanim (prists) ,the kohen gadol,which was incharge of the tempe,was a decendet of the tsadok family,that served as the kohen gadol position in the first temple period as well.

457b.c:ezra :
Before that, jews in the empier were threatened with elimination by an evil minister to the perisan king ,name haman.mordechai the jew, that saved the king from assination in the past,send his niece ester to the king without reviling her origin. she married the king, and after reveling the king the minister evil intentions, the king(artaxerxes)that already approved the order to eliminate all the jews in the empier,allow the jews to armed them self and to attack the people that were suppose to carry out the order,and this how the jews were save.the jews celebrat that event every year with great drinking, gift sharing, wearing custumes.
http://books.google.com/books?id=pTY4kBRIVQYC&pg=PA596&dq=herods+sons&hl=ja&ei=tyEnTIH4LpSekQXIocyTAQ&sa=X&oi=book_result&ct=result&resnum=6&ved=0CEEQ6AEwBQ#v=onepage&q=slaves&f=false

Ezra,was appointed the pacha of medinat yehud,he change the Hebrew lettes to the square Assyrian letters,and change the names of the months to Babylonians names.
In his time , medinat yehud had also its own dimes:
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Yehud_Province

http://books.google.com/books?id=0VG67yLs-LAC&pg=PA412&dq=hellenistic+period+in+israel&hl=ja&ei=QgwnTOX6AcGHkQWJ-PVp&sa=X&oi=book_result&ct=result&resnum=1&ved=0CC0Q6AEwAA#v=onepage&q=hellenistic%20period%20in%20israel&f=false


445b.c:nechemia:
He was a minister of the markets for the king.
He was given permission to rebuild the walls of Jerusalem, and that upseat the sameratens that complain to the king..
In 52 days .the Jews finished the work, and nechemia renewed the pact between the israelis to god.
433b.c:nechemia returned to perisa,but return again to Judea in 431b.c.
He dismisses the tuviya from the east bank of the Jordan from the temple, restore order.
397b.c:ezra return to Jerusalem.
343b.c:the jews in Judea participate in local rebellion against the perisain empiet,tighter with Egypt and phinicia and thousens of jews,especially from Egypt,are exiled to the Caspian sea area.
332b.c:the perisan empier fall and replaced by the helenist-greek empier.
But for the jews in Judea this was a dangeruse moment.
According to jewish sources,Alexander the great send messengers to Judea,informing the local leaders of his arriving and ask for their loyalty against then Persian.
But yadua, the kohen gadol, refused to break his ought to the Persian king.
Alexander was very angry on that, and after he met the leader of the sameretens, that promise their loyalty to Alexander,and hat coused great fear in the jews as the king ariev to Jerusalem.the kohanim and the citizens open the gates of the cities after a few days of praying, and surprisingly,Alexander wasn't angry, but rather politely entered the temple and sacrifice at the alter a tribute to god.

Israel was between Syria and Egypt and was a battlefield betwin the Egyptian ptolemais and Syrian seleucids.
Meanwhile a great wave of greek and macadonian immigrants settled in Israel,and mix with the population,espevialy with the semit remains of the phinician,philishitim and cnaanim,while assimulating their greekgods with eastern gods.
http://books.google.com/books?id=0VG67yLs-LAC&pg=PA412&dq=hellenistic+period+in+israel&hl=ja&ei=QgwnTOX6AcGHkQWJ-PVp&sa=X&oi=book_result&ct=result&resnum=1&ved=0CC0Q6AEwAA#v=onepage&q=hellenistic%20period%20in%20israel&f=false

Greek cities were established especially in the coustale area,like acre,gaza,yafo and also in tran jodan,but not the helenisam inside the country, on the jews took much longer then that,and hardly.
330b.c: hunyo(onias) I kohen gadol, ruled until 310 b.c.
According to josefus plavius, hunyo used to be in connections with the king of Sparta.
http://books.google.com/books?id=3GY3iocrf_sC&pg=PA18&dq=the+book+of+maccabees&hl=ja&ei=QxEnTMiSGpCTkAWslulv&sa=X&oi=book_result&ct=result&resnum=4&ved=0CEAQ6AEwAw#v=onepage&q=prisest&f=false

301b.c:after the battle of ipsus,the traditional partition between the seleucids and the ptolemisidynesty was decided, and Israel would be under Egyptian rule for a long time.
253b.c: the end of the second Syrian war.which ended up in marriage betwin the princes of each side.which will couse the start of the third Syrian war in 246 b.c.
The jews in Judea supported the seleucids,and the kohen gadol,hunyo II,refused to pay its taxes to the potalamais.
http://books.google.com/books?id=Rh4QAAAAYAAJ&pg=PA135&dq=ONIAS+II&hl=ja&ei=TBMnTMzFLZeXkQXuqOhr&sa=X&oi=book_result&ct=result&resnum=2&ved=0CC0Q6AEwAQ#v=onepage&q=ONIAS%20II&f=false

the relation bewin Judea and Egypt went cold,but as soon as the war eneded,the tuviya clan from trans Jordan used the opportunity to condem the kohen gadol infront of the people,and to recived the appointment from the people to go to Egypt and to appeased the Egyptians.
But the tuviya clan, that wanted nothing but their own profit,appeased the egyptins kings with promise to pay tripel the tax.and for 20 years the tuviya used their positions as the tax colectore to plunder Judea.
223b.c-217 b.c:the forth Syrian war.the seleucids king,antiocus III try to counqur Israel with no success,after the greates battle ever thought in israel,the battle of rafha.after the potalemai victory,the king was accepted in Jerusalem and yaffo by the jews.
202b.c--198 b.c the fifth Syrian war. antiocus III conquer Israel,that survived a big potalEmi counter attack.this time ,the jews help the seleucids to conquer Jerusalem.
Many jews suffered both in Israel and in egypy suffered great prosecution , massacres and exile to asia minore during the war:
http://books.google.com/books?id=Rh4QAAAAYAAJ&pg=PA135&dq=ONIAS+II&hl=ja&ei=TBMnTMzFLZeXkQXuqOhr&sa=X&oi=book_result&ct=result&resnum=2&ved=0CC0Q6AEwAQ#v=onepage&q=TOBIAS&f=false
but once the war ws over,
The king granted the jews their rights ,as it recorded in josefus plavius writings,and in the cheftsiva inscriptions. The transfer to the selecude rule,weaken the influence of the tuviya clan,and the kohanim had once again gain their traditional power.

189b.c:the selecud lose in the battle of magnesia to the roman republic,and heavy taxex and fines is imposed on the empire. The romans will start to interfir with the selecud affairs.
175b.c:the kohen gadol,honyo III have an argument with shimon ben bilga,that belong to a family that assimilate itself to the helenists about the control on the markest,an argumenst that bilga take to the seleucids to decide.
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But ben bilga also told the selecud governer that beside the great amount of money that is coming from annual and daily donations to the temple, there is also the money of the tuviya clan,that were pro-potalemi.the selecude governer entered the temple inorder to confiscate the money, and immediately died in amysterius way, according to makkabim 2.
Meanwhile, the rumor about the violation of the temple hollynes and the betrail of ben bilga stired riots in Jerusalem,and honiyo III was arrested by the selecud new king,antiocus VI.
Honiyo III brother,yehoshua,or as he called himself yasun(Jason),offered the king a great amount of money,in exchange for his brother position, and.the building of agimnasion I Jerusalem.yason was a pro helenist,and wish to make all of Judea,under his control and with the selecud protection ,a helenist polis.
http://books.google.com/books?id=Rh4QAAAAYAAJ&pg=PA135&dq=ONIAS+II&hl=ja&ei=TBMnTMzFLZeXkQXuqOhr&sa=X&oi=book_result&ct=result&resnum=2&ved=0CC0Q6AEwAQ#v=onepage&q=TOBIAS&f=false

The appointment of a new kohen gadol while the old one is stile alive, with the appointment of a forgein empier and for money was un thinkable in Israel.
Yasun controlled Jerusalem for 3 years.
172b.c:menalaus, the brother of shimon ben bilga,was appointed by yasun to go to antiocus to pay the bribe money,Menelaus offered antiocus an even biger bribe to replace yasun with himself, and was accepted immediately.
170b.c: Menelaus corruptness upset the people.he wasn't even from the great kohanim family,but using the tuviya clan and the selecud army ,he controlled every resistence and put heavy taxes on the people.

Menelaus even tried to bribe the king to kill honiyo with stolen money from the temple.
His brother, lisimacus ,rob the temple while Menelaus went to see the king, and was killed by the people.the elders of Jerusalem went to tyre to complian to the king about Menelaus,but Menelaus had the king execute them.
169b.c:antiocus VI plunder the temple in Jerusalem,without any provocation from the jews.antiocus is said to plunder and clean up manty other temples in Egypt as well.the king stole the main worship tools including the alter.
168b.c:antiocus defeat the potalami dynesty in Egypt, but the roman empier denaied him from the spoil.
A rumor that antiocus died encourage yasun to rebel and push Menelaus out of
Jerusalem.
Antiocus retuned to Jerusalem,and yasun fleed the city.in his anger he massacre some of the jews and inslaved them.he appointed a new governor, that very soon attacked the jews on shabat.and he built the hakra,a castle inside Jerusalem near the temple,and putted heavy taxes on the jews.
167b.c: the jews are forced to observed foreign rules and are forbidden to obser their own rules,they are forced to worship idols,east non kosher food.on 25/12 167 b.c a sacrifice for an idol was burned in the templke.death penalty was imposed on who flow the tora.
Mothers that circumcised their sons were hanged.small residence occuared here and there but it all ended up in the brutal death of the jews and their families.
The jewish rebellion:
In the town of modiin, the resistence started with the hashmonai family,which were akohanim family,and the father matityau killed the selecud messenger that try to force him to worship an idol.the hashmonaim fled to the woods and caves north and east of jerusale, and used garila warfare.they also slowed resistance on shabat,and very fast become very popular among the people,and pro helenist couldn't opperet in the villages.
http://books.google.com/books?id=Rh4QAAAAYAAJ&pg=PA135&dq=ONIAS+II&hl=ja&ei=TBMnTMzFLZeXkQXuqOhr&sa=X&oi=book_result&ct=result&resnum=2&ved=0CC0Q6AEwAQ#v=onepage&q=juda&f=false

Yehuda hamakabi:
Matitayau third son,fisrt he ambushed apolonius near lebuna.it was the fisrt time that a jewish forced ever attack a big and strong helenist force ,and it was the time that it won.the jews acquire many weapon then.
Soon after,y ehuda attacked a force led by siron near bet horon and won.
After that, yehuda deafet the big selecud camp in amaus.the victory in amaus,nt only gain yehuda many weapon s as spoil, attracted thousesn of jews to join him and fight.
After that,lisias, which was in charge of the area,try to appease the jews with promising to stop the religious oppression,but without any comnet about the temple,and was rejected by yehuda.after that lisias try to invade Judea form he south but was stoped in beit zur.
After that there were some negations between the sids,and even the romas took inters in the dispute.with the death of antiocus in 164 b.c, yehuda took control over Jerusalem and purefied the temple from all idol worship,and build news worship tools.itb was on the 25 of kislev(December)that the tampel renew its jewish worship,and it become a great holyday up until today, its called hanuka.

Riots against jews started Israel,and yehuda rush bto help them.
Fist yehuda help the jews in trans-jordan while his brother help the jews in the galil.yehuda's sergeants failed to take yavne,but when yehuda returned from Transjordan he conquer hevron,and burn the ports of yaffo and tavne.
Lisias couldn't do much in 163-162 b.c,but when yehuda siege the hakra in Jerusalem,lisias had to attack him.
A big army with elephents was assembeled near beit zekaria,near Jerusalem,and even ghe boy king was there.eliezer,yehuda's brother died while killing and elephant that he fought the king was on it.
Though lisias won,and yehuda fled to the woods,the situation in Syria demend a temporarly peace in Judea,and lisias got to a short peace with yehuda,and Menelaus was ecxecuted,and alkimus was appointed and kohen.
http://books.google.com/books?id=Rh4QAAAAYAAJ&pg=PA135&dq=ONIAS+II&hl=ja&ei=TBMnTMzFLZeXkQXuqOhr&sa=X&oi=book_result&ct=result&resnum=2&ved=0CC0Q6AEwAQ#v=onepage&q=lysias&f=false


162b.c:ahe control over the selecud empire was taken by dimiteris, that got rid of lisias and the boy king.but many parts of the selecud empier didn't acknowledge dimitries as the legit king, including the roman empier.
Though until 160 b.c the king had to deal with babel, he send bakhides to judeaand he was accepted in Jerusalem with no opostions.but bakhides, revenge the jews that sopurted yehuda and now supported alkimus and executed many jews .
Bakhides,though that by doing that the Judea problem is over and went back to babel,but his massacres of jews had only isolated alkimos and thousands of jews supported yehuda again.
After bakhides,nikanor,that was appointed on Judea,tried to help alkimus,and after a small battle against shimon,negotiate a peace deal with yehuda,just like lisias before.
But the king demend nikanor to cancel any promises to yehuda and get rid of him.
Nikanor attacked yehuda north of jerusale, and lost. he eventually run way to the hakra.in the battle of adesa,yehuda defeat nikanor.
After seeing that three is hope for peace with the selecuds, yehuda turned to rome, and in 161 b.c and pact was signed between the two nations.
160a.d:dimiteris defeated his opponents from babel, and now had the time to move on Judea.bakhides and alkims invaded Jerusalem and massacred many jews on the way.the two armies met in elasha,and yehuda fall in the battle and his man fless to the woods and deserts.

by aeshifti --->A comparative study of religion and Deen, should help us understand the vital and fundamental characteristics of each and the differences between the two: "Religion & Deen (Islam)" ? Religion is merely some sort of subjective experience and is concerned only with the so-called private relationship between God and man. Deen is an objective reality and a system of collective life. Every follower of a Religion is satisfied that he has established a communion with the Almighty, and the objective of each individual is his own salvation. The aim of Deen on the other hand is the welfare and progress of all mankind, and the character and constitution of a society indicates whether or not it is founded upon the Divine Law. ? Religion does not afford us any objective. criterion by which we could determine whether or not our actions are producing the desired results. In a social order governed by Deen, the development of a collective and harmonious life correctly indicates whether or not the people are pursuing the right course. ? Religion is hostile to scientific investigation and is an adversary of reason, so that it could flourish unhampered with the aid of a blind faith. Deen helps in the development of human reason and knowledge, allows full freedom to accept or reject on the basis of reason and arguments, and encourages investigation and discovery of all the natural phenomena to illumine the path of human life and its advancement in the light of the Permanent Values. ? Religion follows the susceptibilities and prejudices of men and pampers them. Deen seeks to lead men to a path of life that is in harmony with the realities of life. ? In every age, therefore, Religion sets up new idols and mumbo-jumbos in order to keep the people's attention away from the real problems of life. But Deen is rational and radical: it breaks all idols, old and new, and is never variable in its principles. ? Religion induces a perpetual sense of fear in the minds of men and seeks to frighten them into conformity; While Deen treats fear as a form of polytheism and seeks to make men courageous, daring and self-reliant. ? Religion prompts men to bow before every seat of authority and prestige, religious as well as temporal. Deen encourages man to walk about with his head erect, and attain self-confidence. ? Religion induces man to flee from struggle of life. But Deen calls upon him to face the realities of life squarely, whatever the hazards. ? Religion treats the world of matter with contempt and calls upon man to renounce it. It promises paradise only in the Hereafter as a reward for the renunciation of the material world. Deen, on the other hand, enjoins the conquest of matter and leads man to immeasurable heights of attainment. It exhorts him to seek well-being and happiness in this world as well as felicity in the life Hereafter. ? Religion encourages belief in fatalism, and this tends to dissuade man from active life and self-development. Deen gives man power to challenge fate, and provides energy for a life of activity and self-development. ? Religion seeks to comfort the weak, the helpless and the oppressed with the belief that the affairs of this world are governed by the Will of God and that its acceptance and resignation helps to endear them to God. This sort of teaching naturally tends to morbidity, and emboldens their religious leaders who profess to interpret the Will of God, so that they indulge in their misdeeds with perfect impunity and persuade the adherents to a complete and quiet submission. Deen, on the other hand, raises the banner of revolt against all forms of tyranny and exploitation. It calls upon the weak and the oppressed to follow the Divine Laws and thereby seek to establish a social order in which all tyrants and oppressors will be forced to accept the dictates of right and justice. In this social order, there is no place for dictators, capitalists or priests. They are all enemies of Deen. ? Religion enjoins religious meditation in the name of worship and thus induces self-deception. Deen exhorts men to assert themselves and struggle perpetually for the establishment of the Divine Social Order, and its betterment when attained. Worship in din really means obedience to the Laws of God. ? Religion frowns and sneers at all things of art and beauty. Deen defies those who forbid the enjoyment of the good and beautiful things of life which God has created for the enjoyment of man. ? Religion denounces everything new and declares all innovation as sin. Deen holds that the needs and demands of human life keep changing with the change in the conditions of life; change and innovation are, therefore, demanded by life itself. Only the Divine Laws are immutable. It should now be easy for us to see the fundamental difference between Deen and Religion. Islam means saying "Yes" to life; while the response of religion is "No"!


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